Kharkiv: City of Students
Kharkiv is the second largest city in Ukraine after Kyiv. It is situated in the Northeastern part of the country, at the point where the Lopan, Udy, Kharkiv and Nemyshlya rivers meet. The city is home to 1.6 million people, including 230,000 students.
The ancestors of the present-day students were Cossacks who founded the city as a fortress in 1654 to protect southern Russian borders from the Crimean Tatars and named it Kharkiv after the river flowing through it. The wooden fort had ten towers and was surrounded by a double wall.
In 1726, Kharkiv Collegium (the first Slavonic-Greek-Latin school) was founded where the famous Ukrainian poet and philosopher Grigory Skovoroda taught.
In 1805, Kharkiv University was founded. It was the first in Livoberezhna Ukraine (on the left bank of the Dnipro) and the third in the Russian empire. At present, Kharkiv National University is named after the talented scientist V. N. Karazin who worked hard to raise money for this outstanding project. There are 15 departments at the university.
The education and research potential of the city is covered by over- 150 state institutions, about 200 secondary schools and a growing number of private educational establishments. Specialists in various fields of expertise are trained in Kharkiv state institutions including six academies, 10 universities and eight institutes, among them Kharkiv Polytechnic University, Kharkiv State Law Academy, Kharkiv Pedagogical University, National Pharmaceutical Academy and others.
A Expert knowledge B Geography
C First steps in educational development I) History
E A big break in higher education
> Choose the correct item.
1. She trembled... fear as the giant approached her.
I IA with Bof Cat
2. John..... over to the side of the road to have a rest.
□ A handed □ B came □ C pulled
3.1 tune..... to Radio 2 every morning.
□ A on □ B in Ecup
4. We met a girl.... father was a diver.
I IA which ! B that I C whose
5... teenagers know how to use the Net.
□ A Each L B Every □ C Most
6. Avril is the..... singer in the world!
□ A best [_ B better □ C worse
7. She taught.... how to use a computer.
I IA herself ! B himself I C myself
8. He..... me of my uncle.
□ A looks □ B reminds □ C remembers
> Your friends took you on an excursion you enjoyed very much. Write a postcard to them. Include this information:
• thank your friends;
• write what you liked most;
• suggest going on an excursion again some other time.
Write 35-45 words on your answer sheet.
Talk about the system of secondary education in Ukraine. Include the following:
• What kinds of schools are there in our country?
• What do you think the system of education does well?
• What could be done to improve the system of education?
EXAMINATION CARD № 42
Read the texts given below. Write A (for Blarney Castle) or B (for Dunnottar Castle).
A. Blarney Castle
Eight kilometres north of the city of Cork (Southern Ireland) you will find Blarney Castle, home of the famous Blarney Stone. This stone is traditionally believed to give whoever kisses it the gift of eloquent speech. Built in 1446 by Dermot McCarthy, King of Munster, Blarney Castle has a rich history. It is believed that a past king of Munster sent 4,000 men to help Robert the Bruce win the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. His reward was said to be half of the Stone of Scone, which was renamed the Blarney Stone.
Blarney Castle today is a very popular tourist attraction although most of it is in ruins. Many features remain, though, like the tower and the narrow spiral staircases. Visitors who wish to kiss the stone must climb up a very narrow winding staircase to the top of the battlements, then lie on their back and lean slightly over the edge of the tower to reach the stone. Visitors can also enjoy a walk through the beautiful, well-kept grounds, where they will find the Rock Close. This is a mysterious place with ancient stones and trees that were used by the druids.