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Дисциплины:






Розташуйте слова в чотири стовпчика, як показано у зразку.



Зразок:

What? use What kind of? Useful What to do? Use How? usefully

 

insulator, failure, fail, add, addition, additional, overestimate, equal, equalize, equality, equally, differ, different, difference, resist, resistance, resistively, resistivity, resistant, commonly, consumer, faulty, number, impossible, impossibility, carelessly, possible, anticlockwise.

 

8. Перекладіть текст на рідну мову.

Energy is the capacity for doing work. The various forms of energy, interconvertible by suitable means, include potential, kinetic, electrical, heat, chemical, nuclear, and radiant energy. Interconversion between these forms of energy occurs only in the presence of matter.

In the absence of matter energy can only exist in the form of radiant energy.

 

9. Підкреслить суфікси i визначте до яких частин відносяться наступні слова

contrary, storage, negligible, simultaneous, annual, notion, necessary, vital, obvious, excellent, coincidence, active, cottage, muddy, boundless, available, availability, expenditure, voyage, measure, unify, evident, evidence, dedicate, productivity, signify, primary, appreciable, permanent, greatness, hopeful, stimulate, region, recognize, electrify, pavement, nature, ration, boredom, hardship, equal, capable, detachment, commodity, temporary, accumulate, membership, brotherhood, atomic, scientific, influence, basic, liberalize, subsequent, subsequently, consequence, domestic, modify, accelerate, positive.

 

10. Перекладіть на рідну мову

1. Oxygen combines directly with nearly all elements.

2. Plastic materials are relative new insulating materials.

3. Polythene cables have numerous advantages.

4. Do not underestimate the advantages of the new resistors.

5. Include the data into the common list.

6. Use additional resistors, please.

7. The importance of semiconductors for modern science should not be underestimated.

8. Semiconductors conduct electricity less efficiently than metals.

9. The method proved to be efficient.

10. What resistance materials are in common use today?

11. Two more carbons were linked to the molecule.

12. A compound is considered more stable the smaller its potential energy.

 

11. Перекладіть речення на рідну мову.

Визначте які частини мови вживаються і з якими суфіксами та префіксами.

1. The term is unlikely to be indefinable.

2. It is an insoluble problem.

3. Private property is institutionalized under slave system.

4. So medium B is loseless.

5. The degree of success was unexpectedly great.

6. A somewhat different method leads to the same result.



7. This method differs from that used previously.

8. Some of this difference is ascribed to risks.

9. While differing in detail these programs involve similar problem.

10. The nature of this problem is somewhat different, and different questions arise concerning objectives and method to be used in public policy.

11. In order to make the three qualitatively different kinds of the transfer comparable, all indicators were weighted differently according to their importance.

12. They always differ in opinion.

13. Their derived solutions differ.

14. To achieve these goals interdisciplinary research is essential.

15. The radiation loss is unavoidable.

16. If done frequently, this process is unacceptably slow.

17. He’s speculations were illogical.

18. The length of the smallest addressable unit should be used definable.

19. Independent statements are those potentially parallelizable.

20. The above is actually an over-simplification.

 

12. Вкажіть, якою частиною мови є видiленi слова у наступних реченнях. Перекладіть речення

1. In order to locate some defect in objects made of wood, rubber or metal the laboratory assistant X-rays them.

2. X-rays are extensively used in industry.

3. Uranium fogs photographic plates.

4. London fogs prevent people from seeing anything even at very short distances.

5. This worker sorts all sorts of things produced at the mill.

6. As the earth turns towards the east it carries the air with it.

7. Cotton grows where the climate is good for its growth.

8. No scientist will say how that atom is indivisible.

9. Amplifiers are extensively used in radio transmitters.

10. The launching of the first Earth satellite was a great victory of the science.

11. It was in 1882 that P. Chebyshev invented the arithmometer performing multiplication and division.

12. Oil, natural gas and nuclear power each have important roles to play in the energy industry.

 


Test „Перевір себе”

Виберіть правильний варіант

1. The aluminum plant is a (consumer/ consumption) of the (local/ locally) generated electric power.

2. The (new/ newly) built shops are (importance/ important) for the future of the power plant.

3. They are (elders/ olders).

4. (Inevitably/ inevitable) after so much (initial/ initially) enthusiasm disillusionment set in, fuelled by (overquantification/ overquantificated) and dehumanization of real life situation and (overidentification/ overidentificated) with military problems.

5. There are two reasons for denying the (validity/ validness) of the postulate.

6. He found in both the same (incomprehensibility/ incomprehensible).

7. Nuclear energy is energy released during a nuclear (reactor/ reaction) as a result of (convertible/ conversion) of mass into energy.

8. Uranium is a (comparison/ comparable/ comparatively) rare element.

9. The nine (played/ playing) an excellent game.

10. The most (importance/ important) problems in (atom/ atomic) power (generator/ generation) are connected with the reactors. Reactor (technologist/ technology) is still in (progressive/ progress). The light-water reactor types seem most (usefulness/ usefully/ useful).

11. The method suffers (bad/ badly) from disturbance effects.

12. This does not (necessary/ necessarily) mean maintenance of constant heat content.

 

 


Numerals

(Числівник)

Cardinal (кількісні) Ordinal (порядкові)
1 one 1st the first
2 two 2nd the second
3 three 3rd the third
4 four 4th the fourth
5 five 5th the fifth
6 six 6th the sixth
7 seven 7th the seventh
8 eight 8th the eighth
9 nine 9th the ninth
10 ten 10th the tenth
11 eleven 11th the eleventh
12 twelve 12th the twelfth
13 thirteen 20th the twentieth
14 fourteen 21st the twenty first
15 fifteen 25th the twenty fifth
16 sixteen 30th me thirtieth
17 seventeen 40th the fortieth
18 eighteen 50th the fiftieth
19 nineteen 60th the sixtieth
20 twenty 70th the seventieth
21 twenty one 80th the eightieth
22 twenty two 90th the ninetieth
23 twenty three 100th the hundredth
30 thirty 1,000th the thousandth
40 forty 1,000,000th the millionth
50 fifty  
60 sixty Note: five hundred pupils, three thousand students, two million people.
70 seventy
80 eighty But: hundreds of pupils, thousands of students, millions of people.
90 ninety
100 a hundred/one hundred  
102 one hundred and two  
1,000 one thousand  
1,000,000 one million  

Years

(роки)

1999 – nineteen ninety nine

2000 – two thousand, twenty hundred

2002– twenty oh two, twenty hundred and two

Вправи

1. Прочитайте і запишіть словами кількісні числівники:

27; 75; 29; 33; 77; 38; 146; 259; 940; 551; 387; 422; 287; 328; 1,560; 1,970; 2,405; 5,270,320; 4,937,750; 5,786,432.

2. Прочитайте і запишіть словами порядкові числівники:

21st, 33rd, 54th, 62nd, 28th, 37th, 44th, 139th, 453rd, 185th, 1542nd, 7857th, 5282nd, 329th, 2548th, 7654th, 8765th, 1457th.

3. Прочитайте і запишіть словами роки:

1905, 1941, 2001, 2003, 1991, 1945, 2005, 2004, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2020.

 

 

Читання математичних символів

+ - addition, plus, positive
­ - subtraction, minus, negative
×/ ∙ - multiplication sign [sain], multiplied by
. - point
:/÷ - division sign, divided by
= - sign of equality, equals, (is) equal to
[ ] - brackets, square brackets
( ) - parantheses, round brackets
42 - four squared
53 - five cubes, five to the third power
< - less than
> - greater than
a' - a prime
a" - a second
b1 - b first
b2 - b second
     

 


Таблиця основних форм нестандартних дієслів

І форма Infinitive Переклад дієслів ІІ форма Past Indefinite ІІІ форма Past Participle
arise [ə’raiz] підійматися arose [ə’rouz] arisen [ə’rizn]
bear [bεə] народжувати bore [’b]:] born [b]:n]
be [bi:] бути was [w]z ] were [wə:] been [bi:n]
become [bi’kžm] зробитися, стати became [bi’keim] become [bi'kžm]
begin [bi’gin] починати began [bi'gæn] begun [bi'gžn]
bend [bend] гнути bent [bent] bent [bent]
bind [baind] в’язати, зв’язувати bound [baund] bound [baund]
bite [bait] кусати bit [bit] bit [bit]
bleed [bli:d] сходити кров’ю bled [bled] bled [bled]
blow [blou] дути blew [blu:] blown [bloun]
break [breik] ламати broke [brouk] broken [broukn]
breed [bri:d] виховувати bred [bred] bred [bred]
bring [brin] приносити brought [br]:t] brought [br]:t]
build [bild] будувати built [bilt] built [bilt]
burn [bə:n] горіти, палати burnt [bə:nt] burnt [bə:nt]
buy [bai] купувати bought [b]:t] bought [b]:t]
cast [ka:st] кидати, лити cast [ka:st] cast [ka:st]
catch [kætò] ловити, схоплювати caught [k]:t] caught [k]:t]
choose [tòu:z] вибирати, добирати chose [tòouz] chosen [tòouzn]
come [kžm] приходити came [keim] come [kžm]
cost [k]st] коштувати cost [k]st] cost [k]st]
cut [kžt] різати, рубати cut [kžt] cut [kžt]
dig [dig] рити, копати dug [džg] dug [džg]
do [du:] робити did [did] done [džn]
draw [dr]:] тягти, малювати drew [dru:] drawn [dr]:n]
dream [dri:m] мріяти, бачити уві сні dreamt [dremt] dreamt [dremt]
drink [driηk] пити drank [drænk] drunk [držnk]
drive [draiv] вести, гнати drove [drouv] driven [drivn]
eat [i:t] їсти ate [et] eaten [i:tn]
fall [f]l] падати fell [fel] fallen [f]:ln]
feed [fi:d] годувати fed [fed] fed [fed]
feel [fi:l] почувати felt [felt] felt [felt]
find [faind] знаходити found [faund] found [faund]
flee [fli:] тікати, рятуватися fled [fled] fled [fled]
fly [flai] літати flew [flu:] flown [floun]
fight [fait] боротися, воювати fought [f]:t] fought [f]:t]
forget [f]’get] забувати forgot [fə’got] forgotten [fə’]tn]
get [get] одержувати, ставати got [g]t] got [g]t]
give [giv] давати gave [geiv] given [givn]
go [gou] йти, ходити went [went] gone [g]n]
grow [drou] рости, ставити grew [gru:] grown [groun]
hang [hæη] вішати, висіти hung [hžη] hung [hžη]
have [hæv] мати had [hæ] had [hæd]
hear [hiə] чути heard [hə:d] heard [hə:d]
hide [haid] ховати hid [hid] hidden [hidn]
hold [hold] тримати held [held] held [held]
keep [ki:p] тримати, зберігати kept [kept] kept [kept]
know [nou] знати knew [nju:] known [noun]
lead [li:d] вести Led [led] led [led]
learn [le:n] учити(ся), вивчати learnt [lə:nt] learnt [lə:nt]
leave [li:v] залишати left [left] left [left]
lend [lend] позичати (комусь) lent [lent] lent [lent]
let [let] дозволяти let [let] let [let]
light [lait] запалювати, засвічувати lit [lit] lit [lit]
lose [lu:z] загубити, втрачати lost [l]st] lost [l]st]
make [meik] робити made [meid] made [meid]
mean [mi:n] значити, означити meant [ment] meant [ment]
meet [mi:t] зустрічати(ся) met [met] met [met]
put [put] класти put [put] put [put]
read [ri:d] читати read [red] read [red]
ride [raid] їздити верхи rode [roud] ridden [ridn]
rise [raiz] підніматися rose [rouz] risen [rizn]
run [ržn] бігти ran [ræn] run [ržn]
say [sei] сказати said [sed] said [sed]
see [si:] бачити saw [s]:] seen [si:n]
sell [sel] продавати sold [s]ld] sold [s]ld]
send [send] посилати, надсилати sent [sent] sent [sent]
set [set] поміщати set [set] set [set]
smell [smel] нюхати, пахнути smelt [smelt] smelt [smelt]
shake [•eik] трясти shook [•uk] shaken [•eikn]
shine [•ain] сяяти, блищати shone [•oun] shone [•oun]
shoot [•u:t] стріляти shot [•]t] shot [•]t]
shut [•žt] закривати, зачиняти shut [•žt] shut [•žt]
sing [siη] співати sang [sæη] sung [sžη]
sink [siηk] поринати sank [sæηk] sunk [sžηk]
sit [sit] сидіти sat [sæt] sat [sæt]
sleep [sli:p] спати slept [slept] slept [slept]
speak [spi:k] говорити, розмовляти spoke [spouk] spoken [spoukn]
spend [spend] витрачати spent [spent] spent [spent]
spoil [sp]il] псувати spoilt [sp]ilt] spoilt [sp]ilt]
spread [spred] поширювати spread [spred] spread [spred]
spring [spriη] стрибати sprang [spræη] sprung [spržη]
stand [staend] стояти stood [stud] stood [stud]
steal [sti:l] красти stole [stoul] stolen [stouln]
strike [straik] вдаряти, бити struck [stržk] 1) stricken [strikn] 2) struck [stržk]
strive [straiv] боротися, прагнути strove [strouv] striven [strivn]
swear [swεə] клястися swore [sw]:] sworn [sw]:n]
swim [swim] плавати swam [swæm] swum [swžm]
take [teik] брати took [tuk] taken [teikn]
teach [ti:t•] учити, навчати taught [t]:t] taught [t]:t]
tear [tεə] розривати, рвати tore [t]:] torn [t]:n]
tell [tel] сказати told [tould] told [tould]
think [θiηk] думати thought [θ]:t] thought [θ]:t]
throw [θrou] кидати, шпурляти threw [θru:] thrown [θroun]
understand [,žndə'st ænd] розуміти understood [,žndə'stud] understood [,žndə'stud]
wear [wεə] носити, зношувати wore [w]:] worn [w]:n]
weep [wi:p] плакати wept [wept] wept [wept]
win [win] виграти won [wžn] won [wžn]
wind [waind] крутити, заводити wound [waund] wound [waund]
write /rait/ писати wrote /rout/ written /ritn/

 





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