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Higher Education in Great Britain




кафедра іноземних мов









Збірник усних тем до іспиту з англійської мови/ Укладачі: старший викладач Шубенок Т.І., викладач Лебедєва О.А. - Дніпропетровськ: Дніпропетровський державний університет внутрішніх справ, 2006.- 19 с.



Рецензент: Давидова Н.В., старший викладач кафедри іноземних мов Дніпропетровського державного університету внутрішніх справ



Збірник розглянутий та схвалений на засіданні кафедри іноземних мов

Листопада 2007 року, протокол №2 .

Особливу увагу під час підготовки до іспиту слід звернути на граматику та спеціальну юридичну лексику у межах тематичних блоків І-ІІ курсів.



Тематика монологічних висловлювань з іноземної мови:

1. Вища освіта в Україні та країні, мова якої вивчається.

2. Професія юриста.

3. Держава (загальні поняття).

4. Державне (конституційне) право України та країни, мова якої вивчається.

5. Захист навколишнього середовища.

6. Судова система.

7. Права і свободи людини.

8. Адміністративне право.

9. Трудове право.

10. Цивільне та сімейне право.

11. Кримінальне право.

12. Діяльність правоохоронних органів.

13. Міжнародне право.

14. Україна та країна, мова якої вивчається.


Примірник екзаменаційного білету з іноземної мови

Білет № 1

1. Ознайомитися із загальним змістом фахового тексту та зробити письмовий переклад (за допомогою словника) на українську мову.


2. Монологічне висловлювання з іноземної мови відповідно до теми: „Вища освіта в нашій країні”.

3. Бесіда з країнознавчої тематики.


Education in Ukraine

Ukraine has always shown a great concern for education. The right to education is guaranteed by Article 53 of the Constitution of Ukraine. It is ensured by compulsory secondary schools, vocational schools and higher educational establishments. It is also ensured by the development of extramural and evening courses.

After finishing the 11th form of a secondary school, a lyceum or a gymnasium one can go on in higher education. All applicants must take competitive examinations. Higher educational institutions offer a 5-year programme of academic subjects for students in a variety of fields, as well as a post - graduate course. If one finishes a post-graduate course and writes a thesis, he or she receives a candidate’s degree or a doctorate degree.

Higher educational establishments are headed by Rectors. Prorectors are in charge of academic and scientific work. A university has a number of faculties, each specializing in a field of study. Faculties have specialized councils which confer candidate’s and doctorate degrees.



Higher Education in Great Britain

Pupils at secondary schools in England have two main exams: both called General Certificate of Education. The first exam is called “O” (ordinary) level. Most people take “O” level in about seven or eight different subjects at the age of 15. But if you want to go to a university you start working for the second exam: “A” (advanced) level. Most people take “A” level when they are about 28. It is quite a difficult exam, so people don’t usually take it in more than three subjects. Three “A” levels are enough to get you into most universities. For others, such as Oxford and Cambridge you have to take special exams as well. However, good exam passes are not enough. Universities choose their students after interviews, and the competition for places at university is serious.

For all British citizens a place at a university brings with it a grant from their Local Education Authority. The grants cover tuition fees and some of the living expenses. The amount depends of the parents’ income. If the parents don’t earn much money, their children will receive a full grant which will cover all their expenses.

There are 36 universities in England and Wales and 8 in Scotland. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge date from the 12th and 13th centuries.

The typical academic programme for university students in Great Britain is composed of a varying number of courses or subjects within a field of specialization. There are three categories of academic activity – lectures, tutorials and examinations.

The academic year is divided into three terms. Each term consists of eight or ten weeks. The vocations between the terms - a month at Christmas, a month at Easter and three or four months in summer – are mainly periods of intellectual digestion and private study. A person studying for a degree at a British University is called an undergraduate, one who has taken a degree is called a graduate.

Degree titles vary according to the practice of each University. The most common titles for a first degree are Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BC) and for a second degree Master of Arts (MA) or Master of Science (MSc) or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). Each higher degree is awarded by thesis supplemented by an oral examination and where required, by written examination.

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