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THE CONSTITUTION OF UKRAINE



The Constitution of Ukraine was adopted on June 28, 1996.

The Constitution establishes the country's political system and is the basis for its laws.

The Constitution asserts that Ukraine is a sovereign and independent, democratic, social, legal state. It is a unitary state with single citizenship.

Ukraine is a republic. The people are the only source of power which is exercised directly and through the bodies of state power and local self-government.

The land, mineral raw materials, air space, water and other natural resources which are on the territory of Ukraine are objects of the property right of Ukrainian people.

The state language in Ukraine is Ukrainian.

The state symbols of Ukraine are the State Flag, the State Emblem and the State Anthem of Ukraine

The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv.

The Constitution assures human and civil rights, freedoms and obligations It states that every person has the right to the free development of his/her personality. Citizens have equal Constitutional rights and freedoms and are equal before the law. Thereareno privileges or restrictions based upon race, color of skin political and other beliefs, gender, ethnic and social origin, property, ownership, position, place of residence, language, religion or other circumstances.

The Constitution includes provisions for freedom of thought and speech, and the free expression of views and beliefs, of conscience and religion.

The articles of the Constitution guarantee the rights to life, personal inviolability and the inviolability of dwelling, non-interference in private and family life, free choice of residence, work, rest, education, social security, housing, health protection, medical care and medical insurance, legal assistance.

Citizens of Ukraine have the right of association to public parties and public organizations for the execution and protection of their political, cultural and other interests. They may participate in the administration of state affairs, in all-Ukrai­nian and local referendums, to elect freely and to be elected to bodies of state power and local self-government.

The right of private property is inviolable. Every person has the right to own, use and manage his/her property and results of the intellectual and creative work.

Defense of the Motherland, of the independence and terri­torial integrity of Ukraine, and respect for the state's symbols are the duty of citizens. Citizens of Ukraine perform military services in compliance with the law. No person may damage the environment, cultural heritage. Every person shall pay taxes and duties in the order and amount determined by law.

The Constitution outlines the structure of the national gov­ernment and specifies its powers and duties. Under the Con­stitution the powers of the government are divided into three branches - the legislative which consists of the Verkhovna Rada, the executive, headed by the President, and the judi­cial, which is led by the Supreme Court.

The Constitution of Ukraine consists of 15 chapters, 161 articles.

The day of its adoption is a state holiday - the Day of the Constitution of Ukraine.

 





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