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Organization of the Militia in Ukraine



The Militia in Ukraine are a state armed organ of the Executive Authorities. They protect life, health, rights and liberties of the citizens, property, environment, interests of the society and the state from illegal encroachments.

The main duties of the Militia are:

-to protect the citizens, their rights, liberties;

-to prevent law-breaking;

-to safeguard public order;

-to prevent and detect crimes and to enforce the law;

-to search the persons who committed crimes;

-to protect property from criminal encroachments;

-to carry out criminal punishments and administrative penalties, etc.

The Militia are a sole system of organs which are in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. They carry out administrative, preventive, operative-search, criminal-procedural, executive and protective functions. The Militia have such sub-divisions as:

-the criminal militia;

-the militia of public security;

-the State Traffic Inspectorate;

-the transport militia;

-the militia of safeguarding;

-the special militia;

In their activities the Militia come under the authority of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. They are also responsible to the definite Radas of People’s Deputies in the activities which are under their jurisdiction.

The 20th of December is the Day of the Ukrainian Militia.

 

INTERNATIONAL LAW

 

International law consists of rules and principles, which govern the relations between nations.

Customary law and conventional law are primary sources of international law.

International law is divided into public international law and private international law.

Public international law governs the relationship between states and other international persons. The law of nations is an alternative term to “public international law”.

Private international law deals with controversies between private persons, natural or juridical having significant relationship to more than one nation. Conflict of laws is an alternative term to “private international law”.

Two primary purposes of international law are:

1) to build cooperation between and among states;

2) to set standards and procedures to minimize conflict between states.

International organizations play important role in the relations between nations.

An international organization is one that is created by international agreement. The United Nations, the most influential among international organizations, was created on June 26, 1945. The purposes of United Nations are:

1) to maintain peace and security;

2) to develop friendly relations among nations;



3) to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems.

 

 

Questions:

 

1. What is your name? My name is Andrei Petrov.

2. When and where were you born? I was born on June 23, 1985 in Dnipropetrovs’k.

3. Is your family large? No, it isn’t. My family is not large./Yes ,it is. My family is large.

4. Why did you decide to enter Dnipropetrovs’k State University of Internal Affairs? I decided to enter Dnipropetrovs’k State University of Internal Affairs because I want to be a lawyer.

5. What are your favorite subjects? My favorite subjects are English, Criminal law, Civil law, Administrative law and Constitutional law.

6. What are the stages of education in Ukraine? The stages of education in Ukraine are: kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and higher educational establishments.

7. What are the degrees of higher education in Great Britain? The degrees of higher education in Great Britain are: a Bachelor’s degree and a Master’s degree.

8. What higher educational establishments are there in Ukraine? There are such higher educational establishments in Ukraine as institutes, universities, academies.

9. What types of juridical professions are there in Ukraine? There are such juridical professions in Ukraine as a lawyer, an investigator, a procurator, a judge.

10. What types of juridical professions are there in Great Britain? There are such juridical professions in Great Britain as a magistrate, a solicitor, a barrister, a judge and a juror.

11. What kind of state is Ukraine? Ukraine is a parliamentary and presidential republic. Ukraine is a sovereign, independent, democratic, social and legal state.

12. What is the division of state power in Ukraine? The state power in Ukraine is divided into three branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch and the judicial branch.

13. What are the state symbols of Ukraine? The state symbols of Ukraine are: the State Flag, the State Emblem and the State Anthem.

14. What are the national holidays in Ukraine? The National holidays in Ukraine are the Independence Day, the Day of the Ukrainian Constitution and the Day of the Ukrainian Militia.

15. What is the highest court in Ukraine? The highest court in Ukraine is the Supreme Court.

16. What kind of state is the USA? The USA is a presidential republic.

17. What kind of state is Great Britain? Great Britain is a Constitutional Monarchy.

18. What is a crime? A crime is any act or omission that violates the public order.

19. What is the classification of crimes in the USA? In the USA crimes are classified as treason, felonies and misdemeanors.

20. What is the division of International law? International law is divided into public international law and private international law.

21. What does Public International law deal with? Public International law deals with controversies between states and other international persons.

22. What does Private International law deal with? Private International law deals with controversies between private persons, natural or juridical, arising out from situations having significant relationship to more than one nation.

23. What international organizations do you know? I know such international organizations as the United Nations Organization and Greenpeace.

24. What are the consequences of damaging environment? The consequences of damaging environment are: acid rains, water shortage, destroying the ozone layer of the Earth, pollution of water and soils and others.

25. What are the tasks of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine? The tasks of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine are: to control the state of environment, to prevent the pollution of fresh water, the air and the seas, to search for methods of combating the main pollutants.

26. What relations does civil law regulate? Civil law regulates civil relations related to the family, property, contracts and non contractual wrongful acts or torts.

27. What are the subdivisions of civil law in Great Britain? The subdivisions of civil law in Great Britain are: family law, the law of property, the law of contract and the law of torts.

28. How are the parties in a civil case called? The parties in a civil case are called a plaintiff and a defendant.

29. What relations does labour law regulate? Labour law regulates labour relations and other relations linked up with them, for example, the activity of trade unions, material security in old age and in event of sickness or disability, labour protection, labour discipline, the procedure of examining labour dispute and so forth.

30. What are the categories of human rights? There are three categories of human rights: 1.civil and political rights, 2.economic and social rights, 3.environmental, cultural and developmental rights.

ЛІТЕРАТУРА

 

1. Англійська мова для юристів (правоохоронна діяльність та правознавство). За ред. Неженець Е.В., Давидової Н.В. Дніпропетровськ: ДДУВС, 2006. – 219 с.

2. Английский язык для юридических вузов и факультетов. Под ред. Хижняк С.П., Ефимова И.И., Кирюшкина Т.В., Митрофанова В.В. Ростов-на-Дону: «Феникс», 2004. – 448 с.

3. Англійська мова для студентів юридичних і гуманітарних спеціальностей. Комунікативний аспект. Под ред. Мисик Л.В. К.: „Атака”, 2000. – 367 с.

4. Афендікова Л.А. Англійська мова для юристів. – Донецьк, 1998. – 188 с.

5. Гавура О.В. Англійська мова для працівників правоохоронних органів. Київ: „Логос”, 1999. – 113 с.

6. Гуманова Ю.Л. и др.. Английский для юристов. М., 1997. – 198 с.

7. Зеликман А.Я. Английский для юристов. – Ростов-на-Дону, 1997. – 320 с.

8. Мисик Л.В. Українсько-англійський словник правничої термінології. Київ: „Юрінком Інтер”, 1999.

9. Шевелева С.А. Английский для юристов. – Москва, 1999. – 494 с.

10. A Dictionary of Law. Oxford University Press, 1994.

11. 2. Macmillan English Dictionary. - 2002, p.1675

12. The World Book Encyclopedia. World Book, Inc., 1994, USA. V. 10, p.526

13. Encyclopedia Britannica: William Benton Publisher, 1961. V12, p. 1008





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