THE BATTERY AND DYNAMO
The battery only stores electricity. If we use too much, all the electricity will be gone. So something must put electricity back into the battery. This is done by the dynamo. The dynamo is a small machine that makes electricity. It is turned by the crankshaft through the belt. (This belt also turns the cooling fan.)
The electricity from the dynamo flows into the battery. This keeps the battery full of electricity (recharged). A small instrument (the voltage regulator) stops too much electricity from flowing into the battery (overcharging). So the dynamo recharges the battery when the engine is running.
1. Work with your partner to describe position of car components. Use the following phrases:
On the right / left-hand side, at the front / rear (of the engine, of the battery, …), on the opposite side, above / below / next to / beside / between, ……….
For example: The brake fluid reservoir is the rectangular container on the right.
2. Match English word combinations with their equivalents in Ukrainian:
3. Match English word combinations with their equivalents in Ukrainian:
4. Match the word with its definition:
5. Match English words and combinations with their equivalents in Ukrainian:
6. Translate this extract in written form:
As automobiles changed through the years, mechanics or automobile service technicians, as they are now called, have kept them running. The “Big Three” (Ford, GM and Chrysler) automobile makers produced millions of cars for a public eager for freedom and mobility the automobile promised. With the ill-prepared roads suddenly overrun by inexperienced drivers, accidents and breakdowns became common. People were not only unskilled in driving but also were ignorant of the basic maintenance and service the automobile required. It suddenly became apparent that a new profession was in the making.
Automobile service technicians maintain and repair cars, vans, small trucks and other vehicles. Using both hand tools and specialized diagnostic test equipment, they pinpoint problems and make the necessary repairs or adjustments. In addition to performing complex and difficult repairs, they perform a number of routine maintenance procedures, such as oil changes, tire rotation and battery replacement. Technicians interact frequently with customers to explain repair procedures and discuss maintenance needs.