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Стреси негативно позначаються на тиску, тому вчися релаксу. Тобі допоможе медитація. Спробуй наступну вправу: зручно ляж на спину, поклавши голову на тверду подушку. Закрій очі йуяви, що ти перебуваєш у повній темряві. Дихай повільно, зроби 30 тривалих вдихів-видихів. Поступово збільшуй тривалість вдиху: почни з рахунку 1-4 і плавно дійди до 10, а видиху -з 6 до 14. Уяви, що при вдиху твоє тіло розширюється, а при видиху - злегка обпадає. Візуальна уява сприяє посиленню цих процесів. Виконуй цю вправу хоча б протягом 20 хв.

Екстрені заходи!

 

Тиск підскочив? Швидко знизити його допоможе прикладений до ступень на 5-10 хв. шматочок тканини, змочений в 5 % розчині оцту, а також холодний компрес на потилицю. Зроби масаж коміркової зони (шия, потилиця, область лопаток, грудей) і голови. Налий у таз або ванну холодну воду й активно походи в ній декілька хвилин, ноги не витирай, надягни кімнатні капці. Ще один спосіб - контрастні часникові ванни. 30 потовчених зубчиков часнику залий склянкою окропу й загорни на 6-10 годин. Потім розбав кашку 10 л води (в одній мисці - холодною, у другій - гарячою). Спочатку опусти ноги на 2 хв. у гарячу часникову ванну, потім на 30 секунд у холодну. Протягом 20 хв. повторюй процедуру. Закінч холодною ванною. Роби через день або 2 рази в тиждень.

Ти усе ще страждаєш від головного болю, слабкості й запаморочень, викликаних підвищеним кров'яним тиском? Уже сьогодні почни додержуватися наших рекомендацій, і ти побачиш, як незабаром недуги тебе покинуть. Хоча б один з вищевикладених рецептів тобі обов'язково підійде. Будь здорова!

& 59. Read the article, study its language and be ready to answer the questions as far as the article is concerned, as well as contributing your own opinions.

 

Walking Away From High Blood Pressure

By Carol Krucoff

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Basic Training:
Boot Camp Workouts...
[article]

Boost Your Walking
Workout
[article]

Still Running After
All These Years
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10,000 Steps to
Better Health
[article]

Make Treadmills
Work for You
[q&a]

 

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High blood pressure is often called an "illness of civilization" because it's linked to stress, inactivity, poor diet, smoking and other unhealthy habits endemic to modern life. Yet all too often, when people are diagnosed with high blood pressure, they simply pop a pill and continue the dangerous behaviors that contribute to the disease.

The latest federal guidelinesstress the importance of making healthy lifestyle changes to prevent and manage hypertension, which affectsmore than 50 million Americans, nearly one fourth of whom don't know they have it.



People whose blood pressure is too high, but who have no other disease risk factors, should try regular exercise and other lifestyle strategies for at least a year-about twice as long as in previous recommendations-before turning to medications, according to the guidelines, released by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI).

Even those taking antihypertensive medications should practice healthy habits, say the guidelines, since these changes may reduce or eliminate the need for drugs.

The Best Medicine

Regular exercise is among the most powerful of the recommended lifestyle strategies, which include losing excess weight, reducing sodium intake and eating plenty of fruits and vegetables.

"Regular physical activity can lower hypertension in people who have the condition and prevent the development of hypertension in people who don't," says Carlos Crespo, an assistant professor at American University and a contributing author of the NHLBI report.

"When compared with their more active and fit peers, sedentary individuals with normal blood pressure have a 20- to 50-percent increased risk of developing hypertension."

The new guidelines advise doing "moderately intense" aerobic activity, such as brisk walking, for 30 to 45 minutes on most days of the week.

Most people can safely exercise at this level without seeking a physician's approval, say exercise scientists, who define "moderate" as any activity that increases the heart rate and breathing somewhat, but still permits someone to carry on a conversation. People being treated for high blood pressure or other serious health problems should discuss their exercise with their health care provider.

And Crespo warns against what he calls "...the Rambo effect: When you tell people walking is good, they think jogging must be better." While jogging, cycling, swimming and other more strenuous activities may be beneficial, adults who have been sedentary should consult a physician before beginning a program of vigorous exercise. And when starting any new exercise program, it's important to begin slowly and progress gradually.

Benefits of Moderation

"You don't have to exhaust yourself to lower your blood pressure," notes Jim Hagberg, a professor of kinesiology at the University of Maryland and a contributing author of the NHLBI report. "In fact, mild exercises, such as walking, may reduce blood pressure just as much or even more than strenuous activities, such as jogging," Hagberg says.

Exercise generally decreases both the systolic and diastolic blood pressureby about 10 points. This drop in blood pressure doesn't take years of exercise. "It may even happen as early as three to four weeks after increasing your physical activity levels," Hagberg writes in a brochure he prepared for the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM).

One reason exercise is such a powerful weapon against hypertension is that, in addition to directly lowering blood pressure, it also can reduce other risk factors for the disease. "Exercise helps people lose weight, relieve stress and stop smoking," he says.

And "people don't die of hypertension," Hagberg notes. "People with hypertension die from cardiovascular disease." Exercise affects many of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease, too. "Regular physical activity improves blood cholesterol and glucose levels and helps control weight, so the risk of having a heart attack or stroke is lower, even if blood pressure is not reduced to normal levels," he says. "Hypertensive individuals who are active and fit have lower death rates than their sedentary and unfit peers."

While exercising continually for 30 to 45 minutes may be optimal, even shorter bouts of daily life activity--such as taking the stairs or doing housework or yardwork--can be helpful. His favorite guideline is the one established by the ACSM and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Accumulate 30 minutes of moderate activity on most days of the week.

"Remember, something is better than nothing," he notes. "Just get off your duff, and do what you can do."

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