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Дисциплины:






Manner - place - time - frequency - degree.



There are different places where you can put the adverb.

ADVERBS OF MANNER - these answer the question how?

This adverb usually comes after the direct object or if there is no direct object, after the verb:

She speaks Italian beautifully.
He works well.
You must drive your car carefully.
Eat quietly.

ADVERBS OF PLACE - these answer the question where?

This adverb usually comes after the object, otherwise after the verb:

We saw you there.
We were sitting here.
We looked everywhere.

Note: somewhere, anywhere,follow the same rules as some and any:

Have you seen my glasses anywhere?
I'm sure I left them somewhere.
I can't find them anywhere.

ADVERBS OF TIME - these answer the question when?

This adverb usually comes either at the very beginning of the sentence or at the end.

Afterwards we decided to go by car. I've done that journey before.

Note: yetandstill: yetshould be placed at the end of the sentence.

Stillshould be placed before the verb, except with the verb 'to be' when it comes after.

We haven't started yet.
He still wears old-fashioned clothes.
She is still a student.

Compare these two sentences:

The train still hasn't arrived.
The train hasn't arrived yet.

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY - these answer the question how many times?

This adverb comes after the verb 'to be':

She is alwayshonest.

Comes before simple tenses of all other verbs:

They sometimes spend the whole of Saturday fishing.

Comes after the first auxiliary in a tense consisting of more than one verb:

I have often wondered how they did that.
I can sometimes go without food for days.

Note:with 'used to' and 'have' the frequency adverb is usually placed in front:

We alwaysused to look forward to the school holidays.
He never has any trouble with his old car.

ADVERBS OF DEGREE - these answer the question to what extent?

This adverb can modify an adverb or an adjective and comes before the word it modifies:

The bottle is almost full, nearly empty.
They should be able to pass their exams quite easily.

The following adverbs of degree can also modify verbs:

almost, nearly, quite, hardly, scarcely, barely, just

They follow the same pattern as frequency adverbs in terms of where they are placed:

I quite understand.
We had almost reached the hut when the rain started.
I am just beginning a new course.

Card 6

  1. Travelling.: Advantages or disadvantages
  2. The Using of Present Simple Tense
  3. Practical task

 

 

1.Traveling

It is very interesting to travel. Many people love traveling. They travel to see other countries, to know more about their traditions and culture, to enjoy visiting places of interest.



There are many ways of traveling: by air, by train, by ship, by car. Everyone chooses their favorite way. If you like to watch the scenery and you enjoy the process of traveling, it will be easier to travel by car. But traveling by car is not very comfortable if you travel long distances. It takes a lot of time and money.

To travel by train is also exciting. It is usually chosen by people who have enough time to get from one place to another. Train is a cheap means of traveling. Modern trains have very comfortable seats and people can sleep during the journey.

Traveling by ship is also very popular now. It is very pleasant to see the rise and fall of the waves, to feel the fresh sea wind blowing in your face and hear the cry of sea gulls. But some people get sea-sick and traveling by ship is difficult for them.

Traveling by plane also has its advantages and disadvantages. Traveling by plane is preferred by people who haven’t got much time and they must quickly get to another city or country. Modern planes have very comfortable seats in all cabins, and there are first class, business and economy class cabins. During the flight you can have something to drink and to eat. You can also read some free magazines and newspapers. But traveling by plane has its minuses, too. It is the most expensive form of transport. If the luggage weighs more than 20 kilograms, you have to pay extra.

I love traveling. My favorite way is air traveling because it is very comfortable, quick and amazing.

 

The advantages and disadvantages of travelling.

There are many ways of spending free time. One of them is travelling. Certainly, it has its pros and cons.
First advantage of travelling is visiting interesting places and meeting new people. It is connected with getting to know other cultures and traditions which is surely valuable. Secondly, it is usually said that journeys educate, so whilst travelling as well as exploration we can make our knowledge wider. Also we become more experienced and ready to cope with surrounding world if we learn something while being in journey. Furthermore, travelling is the best solution for those of us who suffer from boredom or want to get away from ?grey reality? and experience great adventure. Journeys give to people a little fun and also make dreams come true.
On the other hand, journeys has some crucial disadvantages. Firstly, costs of travelling are often quiet high for example travelling by plane, so naturally not everyone can afford. What is more, journeys especially foreign ones expose us to danger of disease or even death. Travelling can lead to fall ill and maybe then to expensive treatment or in case of fatal accident like for instance car and aerial one to death of many people. The next disadvantage is fatigue that occur while travelling. Most journeys last very long and it can make us feel tired.
To sum up, travelling is a very good way of spending time. It can educate, give impressions, nice memories and let make friends. However, in my opinion travelling in spite of its whole advantages, it should not be the only way to learn about the world.

2Present Simple

Basic form

Subject + Verb (present form)

Use

We use the present tense to talk about:

· something that is true in the present:

I’mnineteen years old.
He livesin London.
I’m a student.

· something that happens again and again in the present:

I playfootball every weekend.

We use words like sometimes, often. always, and never(adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:

I sometimesgo to the cinema.
She neverplays football.

· something that is always true:

The adult human body contains206 bones.
Light travelsat almost 300,000 kilometres per second.





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