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B. There were many canals there



 

 

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1. Michels Castle is associated with assassination of

A. Grand Duke Michel C. Emperor Paul I

B. Emperor Alexander I D. Emperor Alexander II

 

2. The was built in honor of Alexander II.

A. Kazan Cathedral C. The Synagogue

3. Peterhof is the earliest royal estate, which dates back to the

A. First quarter of the 18th centuryB. First quarter of the 19th century

B. Second quarter of the 18th century D. Second quarter of the 19th century

 

4. Nicholas I presented to his daughter Mary.

A. The Marble Palace C. The Maryinsky Palace

B. The Constantine Palace D. The Yussupov Palace

 

5. St. Isaacs Cathedral is high.

A. 112 m B. 140.5 m

B. 101.5 m C. 600 m

 

2

Fatal duel, cradle, dam, taming, foundations

1. St. Petersburg is known as the of the Russian revolution.

2. Anichkov Bridge is decorated with 4 sculptures of men ..wild horses.

3. In 1989 construction of a was begun to defend the city from floods.

4. The.. of modern Russian science were laid in the 18th century by Mikhail Lomonosov.

5. Pushkin left the literary Café for his in 1837.

 

1. cradle

2. taming

3. dam

4. foundations

5. Fatal duel

3

Jaws, Monplaisir, State, Marine, Cascade

1. The Grand..

2. The Canal

3. The Rooms

4. ThePalace

5. The.of a lion

1.State

2. Marine

3. Cascade

4. Monplaisir

5. Jaws

4

1. The foundations of modern Russian science were laid/ were put by Lomonosov.

2. In 1869 Dmitriy Mendeleev fixed/compiled the Periodic Table of Elements.

3. The architectural styles range/come from the Baroque style to the Neo-Classical and Modern Styles.

4. The façade of the Stroganov Palace is covered/embellished with sculptural ornaments and the Stroganov coat of arms.



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1. In the reign of Alexander II serfdom was abolished.

2. At the turn of the centuries, the Art Nouveau movement brought new forms and solutions.

3. The Zoological museum is interesting and suitable forchildren.

4. The gilded spire of the Admiralty is crowned with a boat.

5. Most visitors ofthe Catherine Palace in Pushkin are attracted .. the Amber room.

6

1. What are the major representatives of French impressionists and post-impressionists?

2. What are the main symbols of St.Petersburg?

3. When and why was the city renamed three times?

4. What buildings did the architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli create in St.Petersburg?

5. What architectural ensembles did Carlo Rossi design in St.Petersburg?

 

1.The major representatives of French impressionists it is Monet, E. Manet, E.Dega, Renoir, K.Pissarro, A.Sisley, D.Uistler, G. Caillebotte, B.Morizo​​. Post-imressionists: Van Gogh, Gauguin, Toulouse-Lautrec, Matisse, Derain, Marquet, Marriage, Cezanne, Picasso ,Bonnard, Denis, Vuillard, Vallotton, Rousseau.

2. Main symbols of St.Petersberg it is drawbridges ,Alexander Column ,Cruiser Aurora , ermitage.

3. First name St. Petersburg city was awarded May 27, 1703 by Emperor Peter I, in honor of St. Peter, patron saint of the emperor.

August 31, 1914 the name was Russified and the city received the name - Petrograd.

In 1924, immediately after the death of Vladimir Lenin, in memory of him the city was renamed Leningrad.

In 1991, the city has returned to its historic name.
4. Winter Palace (1754-1762), Smolny Convent (1748-1764), Stroganov Palace (1752-1754), Vorontsov's Palace (171749-1757), the Grand Palace in Peterhof (rebuilt in 1747-1752), Catherine Palace (1751-1756).

5. Ensemble of St. Michael's Square (now Square Arts)

Ensemble Alexandrinskaya Square (now Square Ostrovsky), building Aleksandrinsky Theatre

Ensemble Chernyshevoj Square (now Square University)

Ensemble Theatre Street (now - street Rossi)

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1. St. Petersburg renamed three times.

2. The original name of the city has returned in 1991.

3. The Admiralty with a sailing boat.

4. St.Peter and St.Paul Cathedral decorated with an angel holding a cross.

5. Rostral Columns look as lighthouses.

8

1. St.Petersburg was named because of Peter the Great/ Apostle St.Peter.

2. The 900 hundred days siege was during the Great Patriotic War/ the First World War.

3. Alexander Nevsky won the battle with Sweden in 1240/ 1709.

4. The Smolny Cathedral was built as a part of a convent/ boarding school for girls.

5. Nicholas II/ Alexander III was the last Russian Tsar

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1. The Chamber of Curiosities designed by Georg Mattarnovi was founded by 1714.

2. The Academy of Arts was established by Ivan Shuvalov in 1764 and it is situated on Vasilievky island.

3. The ensemble of Senate Square is formed by 1763.

4. The ensemble of Square of Arts is formed by 1816.

5. The ensemble of St.Isaacs Square is formed by 1738 .

10

1. , , -.

2. , 1917 .

3. ., 1818 1858 .

4. . 1722-1742 ., 1835 . - .

 

1. Admiralty building is decorated with gilded spire which crowns vane in the form of a ship , which is the symbol of St. Petersburg.

2 . Peter and Paul fortress was turned into one of the worst prisons Russia for political prisoners , which lasted until 1917

3 . St. Isaac's Cathedral was built by the French architect O.Monferranom , whose construction lasted for forty years from 1818 to 1858 .

4 . Twelve Colleges building on Vasilievsky Island was built by architect D.Trezzini in 1722-1742 gg. , And since 1835 it housed St. Petersburg University .

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1.

STYLES
The style The period of time Characteristics Examples
Baroque Early Baroque,c.1590c.1625 High Baroque, c.1625c.1660 Late Baroque, c.1660c.1725   is a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music. St. Nicholas Church in Lesser Town in Praguewas founded in 1703 under lead of Baroque architect Christoph Dientzenhofer. Bernini's Ecstasy of St. Teresa  
Russian Baroque XVIIXVIII Russian Baroque - total species name of the Baroque style that emerged in Muscovy and the Russian Empire at the end of XVII-XVIII centuries : Moscow baroque (from the 1680s to the 1700s , previously inaccurately called " Naryshkin baroque" ) - the transition from Baroque to full Uzorochie retention of many structural elements of ancient architecture , processed under the influence of Ukrainian Baroque. Stroganov baroque - conservative provincial recension Moscow Baroque , which made ​​four churches in Nizhny Novgorod and the North. Golitsyn Baroque - most radical trend in the depths of the Moscow baroque , held in connection with the complete denial of the ancient Russian tradition.     Peter and Paul Cathedral (Kazan) Petrine Baroque ( since the 1700s to the 1720s ) - a set of individual manners Western architects invited Peter I for the construction of the new capital , St. Petersburg. Elizabethan Baroque (c 1730s to 1760s ) - a hybrid of Peter and with the Moscow baroque severoitalyanskogo infusing . Most fully embodied in the grand buildings Rastrelli Peter and Paul Cathedral (Kazan) Summer Palace Peter I (St.P)
Classicism XVIIXIX Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for a classical period, classical antiquity in the Western tradition, as setting standards for taste which the classicists seek to emulate. The art of classicism typically seeks to be formal and restrained: of the Discobolus Sir Kenneth Clark observed, "if we object to his restraint and compression we are simply objecting to the classicism of classic art. A violent emphasis or a sudden acceleration of rhythmic movement would have destroyed those qualities of balance and completeness through which it retained until the present century its position of authority in the restricted repertoire of visual images." Classicism, as Clark noted, implies a canon of widely accepted ideal forms, whether in the Western canon that he was examining in The Nude (1956), or the literary Chinese classics or Chinese art, where the revival of classic styles is also recurring feature. Classicism is a force which is often present in post-medieval European and European influenced traditions; however, some periods felt themselves more connected to the classical ideals than others, particularly the Age of Enlightenment. Classicist door in Olomouc, The Czech Republic. Villa Rotonda, Palladio, 1591  
Strict Classicism period from 1780 to the end of the XVIII century This period is characterized by strict adherence to the classical architectural orders, described by Vitruvius and Palladio later, rectangular symmetrical layout of buildings, the widespread use of colonnades, arcades, porticos, pediments. The interiors of buildings used copies or motives of antique sculptures, decorative elements known at the time of ancient civilizations. Tauride Palace (1783-1789)
High Classicism   This architectural style brought to the fore the construction of large public buildings designed emphasized monumental and with a high degree solemn pomp. Monumental sculpture as a symbol, and emphasizes the idea of ​​revealing the image of construction, organically merged in this style with the architecture Kazan Cathedral admiralty
Eclecticism the late 18th century style that would allow them to retain previous historic precedent, but create unseen designs. From a complete catalogue of past styles, the ability to mix and combine styles allowed for more expressive freedom and provided an endless source of inspiration. Whilst other design professionals (referred to as revivalists) aimed to meticulously imitate past styles, Eclecticism differed, as the main driving force was creation, not nostalgia and there was a desire for the designs to be original. The church of the Sagrada Familia inBarcelona designed by Antonio Gaudi is a notable example of eclecticism. Elements of the gothic style were merged with orientalmotifs and forms found in the natural world, resulting in a structure that was distinctive and original. Although it was designed during the peak of the eclectic period (18831926), it remains under construction today.

 

2.

Monuments
Name Sculptor Years Material   Location Notice
Bronze Horseman   Étienne Maurice Falconet     bronze Senate Square equestrian statue of Peter the Great
monument to Fyodor Dostoevsky Choline LM   Bronze,granite Bolshaya Moskovskaya  
Monument to Major General Rakov Tatjana Kirpichnikova   Bronze,granite     Moscow avenue Placed on a pedestal plaque with the initials of the famous commander. Height with pedestal monument is about three meters
Leningrad Hero City Obelisk Vladimir Lukyanov and A. I. Alymov bronze, steel, granite     Vosstaniya Square The total height of the obelisk is 36 meters. It consists of a crowned top and a central trunk of height 22.5 meters, pommel and Star 4.5 m. and base 9 m. Its base has a diameter of 3.5 meters and a width of 9 meters

3.

Along Nevsky prospect
Object   When it was built Who was it built by Note
The Stroganov Palace   1753-1754 Bartolomeo Rastrelli Late Baroque palace at the intersection of the Moika River and Nevsky Prospect in St. Petersburg
Kazan Cathedral or Kazanskiy Kafedralniy Sobor   18011811 Andrey Voronikhin Kazan Cathedral or Kazanskiy Kafedralniy Sobor also known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan, is a cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church on the Nevsky Prospekt in St. Petersburg. It is dedicated to Our Lady of Kazan, probably the most venerated icon in Russia.
Anichkov Palace   Rastrelli Bartolomeo imperial palace in Saint Petersburg, at the intersection of Nevsky Avenueand the Fontanka.
Catholic Church of St. Catherine   1738-1783 Trezini Pietro AntonioVallin de la Mothe, Minchiani and A. Rinaldi The Church of St. Catherine in St. Petersburg is the oldest Catholic church in Russia, and the only church in Russia with the title of minor basilica It is part of the Archdiocese of Moscow headed by Msgr. Paolo Pezzi, and is located on the Nevsky Prospekt. Contents

 

4.

Museums
Theatre   When it was built Architect Location Note
  Alexandrinsky Theatre   arlo Rossi Ostrovsky Square, 6   Artistic director: Valery Fokin
  Saint Petersburg Comedy Theatre GV Baranovsky Nevsky Prospekt, 56   Artistic director: Tatyana Kazakova
  Mariinsky Theatre     Viktor Schröter Theatre Square,1 Artistic director / director: People's Artist of Russia Valery Gergiev  
Mikhailovsky Theatre Alexander Briullov Art Square,1 Music director-chief conductor of the theater: Peter Feranec, Artistic director of the ballet company: Nacho Duato  

 

5.

Cathedrals
Cathedral When it was built Architect Style     Location Note
St. Andrew's Cathedral AA Ivanov mixed style, Renaissance     6th line of Vasilievsky Island 11 The cathedral was conceived at the time of Peter the Great as the chapter church of Russia's first chivalric order, that of Saint Andrew
St. Isaac's Cathedral O. Montferrand   Late classicism   St. Isaac's Square, 4 Russian coat of arms Subject of cultural heritage of the Russian Federation
Trinity Cathedral   Vasily Stasov   Russian Neoclassicism   Izmaylovskiy Prospekt The cathedral, which can accommodate up to 3,000 visitors, has only recently begun to be restored to its pre-Revolutionary splendor after years of neglect.

 

 

8

1

1. St. Nicholas Cathedral was designed by .

A. Chevakinskiy C. Montferrand

B. Rossi D.Trezzini

 

2. New Holland was called so because .

A. Dutch people lived there.

B. There were many canals there.

C. The Dutch method of storing timber was used there.

D. Shipbuilders spoke Dutch.

 

3. Catherine the Great presented Prince Potemkin with..

A. Tauride Palace C. Anichkov Palace

B. Marble Palace D. Gatchina Palace

 

4. Smolnyy Convent was designed by

A. Zemtsov C. Quarenghi

B. Rastrelli D.Rossi

 

5. The museum of Anna Akhmatova is housed in.

A. Smolnyy Institute C. Sheremetiev Palace

B. Marble Palace D. Stroganov Palace

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