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Дисциплины:






Easter, Lapis lazuli, Angel, Equestrian, Heighten



 

1. The magnificent ………statue of Peter the Great was unveiled in Decembrists’ square in 1782.

2. Malachite and columns frame the iconostasis of St. Isaac’s Cathedral.

3. In 1885 Alexander III commissioned the Faberge brothers to create an ………egg for Tsarina Maria Fyodorovna.

4. The Alexander Column is topped with a bronze…………

5. Henri Matisse used strong tones of three colors to ………… the drama.

 

Equestrian

Lapis lazuli

Easter

Angel

Heighten

Задание №3

Scenery, Reforms, Mansion, Trip, Monastery

 

1. The economic Reforms

2. Beautiful Scenery

3. The Kshesinskaya Mansion

4. Alexander Nevsky Monastery

5. a boat Trip

Задание №4

1. The Sennaya Square’s name, meaning Haymarket, derives/starts from the original market of livestock and fodder.

2. Dostoevsky was punished/exiled to hard labor in Siberia.

3. The citizenz of Leningrad were killed/died in vast numbers from starvation.

4. On the night of 3 April 1917, the exiled Lenin arrived/left at Finland Station on a sealed train.

Задание №5

1. The Hermitage houses the wonderful collection of art. It numbers nearly 3 mln. items.

2. The first public railway station was built 30 october 1837 St.Petersburg and Pavlovsk.

3. The architect Trezzini was Swiss his origin.

4. In the 18th century, the wooden bridges over Moika were painted in different colours.

5. At the begining the reign of Catherine II the population of St.Petersburg increased more than threefold.

Задание №6

1. What are the main buildings of the Hermitage? When were they built? Who were the architects? - Winter palace built by Barolomeo Rastrelli in 1757-1762 .

2. Who was the greatest representative of Dutch art? What are the most famous canvases? ( name at least 5 works)

3. What are the most spectacular interiors in the Winter Palace?

4. What does the “impressionism” mean?

5. How did the collection of French impressionists come to the Hermitage?

Задание №7

1. The Hermitage has the amazing collection of arts. It has almost 3mln items.

2. St.Isaac’s cathedral was build to Peter the Great because he was born on the day of St.Isaac.

3. Perterhof laid out by the order of Peter the Great and decided to buid St. Petersburg at the eastern on the Gulf of Finland.

4. The former building of the Stock Exchange is now the Central Naval Museum.

5. Alexander II was assassinated on the place where the Church of Saint Savior on Spilt Blood.



Задание №8

1. The Bloody Sunday took place in Palace Square/ St.Isaac’s Square.

2. The State Russian Museum is housed in the Mikhailovsky Palace/ Mikhailovsky Castle.

3. Catherine I/ Catherine II presented Pavlovsk to her son.

4. Almost all Russian tsars started from Peter the Great are buried in St.Peter and St.Paul Cathedral/ Alexander-Nevsky Monastery.

5. The Nevsky prospect was named because of the Neva river/ Alexander Nevsky.

Задание №9

1. The largest department store is Gostiny dvor built by Rastrelli in 1757-1785 .

2. The following churches belonged to different confessions are situated on the Nevsky prospect:

-Kazan Cathedral modeled by Andrey Voronikhin in 1801-1811

-Catholic Church of St. Catherine, Domenico Trezini, 1716

-St Catherine Armenian Church was built in 1771-1776 by Felten

-Lutheran Church of Saint Peyer and Saint Paul , Alexander Brullov, 1833-1837.(with names of architects and dates of construction)

3. The following palaces are situated on the Nevsky prospect:

-Stroganov Palacebuit to Bartolomeo Rastrelli in 1753-1754

-Kazan Cathedral modeled by Andrey Voronikhin in 1801-1811

-Singer House , Pavel Suzor 1904

-The national Library of Russia established in 1795, architect is Yegor Sokolov.(with names of architects and dates of construction)

4. In the center of Palace square is Alexander Columb and it is devoted to victories of the Emperor Alexander I over Napoleon .

5. Palace square was named because of Winter palace built by Barolomeo Rastrelli in 1757-1762 .

Задание №10

1. Екатерининский дворец в Царском Селе был перестроен в 1752-57 гг. арх.Б.Расстрели в стиле русского барокко по заказу императрицы Елизаветы Петровны.

1. Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo, was rebuilt in 1752-57 years. arh.B.Rasstreli in Russian baroque style by order of Empress Elizabeth.

2. Знаменитая Янтарная комната, подаренная Петру I в качестве дипломатического подарка, сейчас украшает один из интерьеров Екатерининского дворца в Царском Селе.

2. The famous Amber Room, a gift to Peter I as a diplomatic gift, now adorns one of the interiors of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo.

3. В отделе итальянского искусства в Эрмитаже выставлены шедевры живописи мастеров эпохи Возрождения Леонардо да Винчи, Рафаэля, Тициана и скульптура Микеланджело.

3. In the department of Italian art in the Hermitage exhibited masterpieces of the Renaissance masters Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Titian and Michelangelo sculpture.

4. Площадь Искусств является одним из красивейших архитектурных ансамблей С.-Петербурга, построенных в стиле классицизма в первой четверти 19 в.

4. Art Square is one of the most beautiful architectural ensembles of St. Petersburg, built in the classical style in the first quarter of the 19th century.


 

Контрольная работа №2

Вариант 15

Задание 1

Составьте программу пребывания туристов в Санкт-Петербурге согласно заданию:

Группа туристов из США (6 чел.)

Прибытие: 01.08 из Хельсинки, рейс Finnair 743 17.00 Пулково-2

Размещение: г-ца «Пулковская»

Питание: завтраки

Предоставить: две экскурсии в день, интересуются историей оружия и вооружения

Организовать одно театральное посещение

Организовать праздничный ужин

Отбытие: 06.08 в Москву поезд № 3 23.55 Московский вокзал

Friday

13.00 Arrival in St.Petersburg (Pulkovo

II), flight Finnair 743 from Helsenki.

Meeting with a English speaking guide at the airport.

 

14.00 Departure for the City Highlights tour (only photo stops)

 

16.30 Check-in at the Pulkovo Hotel

 

17.00-18.00 Time for dinner

 

18.15 Departure form the hotel for the Mariinsky Theater

 

19.00 Beginning of a ballet

 

22.00 Drive to the hotel

 

22.30 Back to the hotel

 

Saturday

 

07.00-10.00 AM Breakfast

 

09.30 AM Free time

 

12.30 PM Lunch in the downtown

 

01.30 PM Drive to the Peter and Paul Fortress

 

02.00 PM Inside visit to the Forteress

 

03.30 PM Drive to the hotel

 

04.00 PM Back to the hotel

 

06.00 PM Early dinner at the hotel

 

07.00 PM Departure from the hotel

in the oceanarium

 

 

10.00 PM Drive to the hotel

 

10.30 PM Back to the hotel

 

Sunday

07.00-10.00 AM Breakfast

 

10.00 AM Departure from the hotel for the Hemitage

 

10.30 AM Inside visit to the Hermitage

 

01.00 PM Drive to a restaurant

 

01.30 PM Lunch in the downtown

 

02.30 PM Drive to the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood

 

03.00 PM Inside visit to the church

 

03.45 PM Drive to the hotel or stay in the downtown for own activities

 

04.30 PM Back to the hotel

 

07.00 PM Departure from the hotel for dinner

 

07.30 PM Dinner at the restaurant

 

09.00 PM Drive to the hotel

 

09.30 PM Back to the hotel

Monday

 

07.00-10.00 AM Breakfast

 

10.00 AM Drive to Peterhof

 

12.00 AM Inside visit to the Great Palace and parks

 

2.00 PM Lunch at the restaurant in the Peterhof

 

6.00 PM Drive to the hotel

 

8.00 PM Dinner at the hotel

 

Tuesday

 

07.00-10.00 AM Breakfast

 

10.00 -12.00 AM Free time

 

1.00-3.00 PM Tour of the rivers and canals of St. Petersburg

 

3.30-5.00 PM Lunch in the restaurant

 

5.00 PM Drive to the hotel

 

6.00 PM Dinner at the hotel

 

Free time

 

Wednesday

07.00-10.00 AM Breakfast

 

10.00AM- 10.00PM Free time

 

10.00 PM Drive to the Moscow railway station

 

11.55 РМ Departure for Moscow, train number 3

 

Задание 2

Составьте презентацию экскурсионного объекта на тему:

«Аврора».

Aurora is a 1900 Russian protected cruiser, currently preserved as a museum ship in St. Petersburg. Aurora was one of three Pallada-class cruisers, built in St. Petersburg for service in the Pacific Far East. All three ships of this class served during the Russo-Japanese War. The Aurora survived the Battle of Tsushima and was interned under U.S. protection in the Philippines, eventually returned to the Baltic Fleet. The second ship, Pallada, was sunk by the Japanese at Port Arthur in 1904. The third ship, Diana, was interned in Saigon after the Battle of the Yellow Sea. One of the first incidents of the October Revolution in Russiatook place on the cruiser Aurora.

 

Russo-Japanese War

Soon after completion, in November 1903, Aurora received orders to sail with a group of reinforcements to the Russian Pacific Fleet. However, she suffered from repeated mechanical failures and had to be repaired at several ports along the way. When word was received of the start of the Russo-Japanese War while at Djibouti, she was detached from the reinforcement fleet and sent back to the Baltic. [3]After refitting, Aurora was ordered back to Asia as part of the Russian 2nd Pacific Squadron, a collection formed from the Russian Baltic Fleet, under the command of Vice-Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky. On the way to the Far East, Aurorasustained light damage from confused friendly fire in the Dogger Bank incident, which resulted in the fatality of the ship’s chaplain.

On 27 and 28 May 1905, Aurora took part in the Battle of Tsushima, along with the rest of the Russian squadron. During the battle, her captain, Captain 1st rank Eugene R. Yegoryev was killed, along with 14 crewmen. The woundedexecutive officer, Captain of 2nd rank Arkadiy Konstantinovich Nebolsine took command. After that Aurora, covering other, much slower Russian vessels, became the flagship of Rear-Admiral Oskar Enkvist, and with two other Russian cruisers broke through to neutralManila, where she was interned by American authorities from 6 June 1905 until the end of the war.

In 1906, Aurora returned to the Baltic and became a cadet training ship. From 1906 until 1912 the cruiser visited a number of other countries; in November 1911 the ship was in Bangkok as part of the celebrations in honour of the coronation of the new King of Siam.

October Revolution

 

During World War I Aurora operated in the Baltic Sea performing patrols and shore bombardment tasks. In 1915, her armament was changed to fourteen 152 mm (6 in) guns. At the end of 1916, she was moved to Petrograd (the renamed St Petersburg) for a major repair. The city was brimming with revolutionary ferment and part of her crew joined the 1917 February Revolution. A revolutionary committee was created on the ship, with Aleksandr Belyshev elected as captain. Most of the crew joined the Bolsheviks, who were preparing for a Communist revolution.

According to the Soviet account of history, on 25 October 1917, Aurora refused to carry out an order to put to sea. Women's protest over bread rations gathered other workers from the factories and is also considered the 'spark' of the revolution outside of Revolution mythology. At 9.45 p.m on that date, a blank shot from her forecastle gun signaled the start of the assault on the Winter Palace, which was to be the beginning of the October Revolution. The cruiser's crew allegedly took part in that attack. In summer 1918, she was relocated to Kronstadt and placed into reserve.

 

Second World War

In 1922, Aurora was brought to service again as a training ship. Assigned to the Baltic Fleet, from 1923, she repeatedly visited the Baltic Sea countries, including Norway in 1924, 1925, 1928 and 1930, Germany in 1929 and Sweden in 1925 and 1928. During the Second World War, the guns were taken from the ship and used in the land defence of Leningrad. The ship herself was docked inOranienbaum port, and was repeatedly shelled and bombed. On 30 September 1941 she was damaged and sunk in the harbour.

After extensive repairs in 1945 - 1947, Aurora was permanently anchored on the Neva in Leningrad (now St Petersburg) as a monument to the Great October Socialist Revolution and in 1957 became a museum-ship.

On 2 November 1927, Aurora was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for her revolutionary merits and on 22 February 1968 the Order of the October Revolution. The latter features the image of the cruiser herself.

To the present

As a museum ship, the cruiser Aurora became one of the many tourist attractions of Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), and continued to be a symbol of the October Socialist Revolution and a prominent attribute of Russian history. In addition to the museum space, a part of the ship continued to house a naval crew whose duties included caring for the ship, providing security and participating in government and military ceremonies. The crew was considered to be on active duty and was subject to military training and laws.

Having long served as a museum ship, from 1984 to 1987 the cruiser was once again placed in her construction yard, the Admiralty Shipyard, for capital restoration. During the overhaul, due to deterioration, the ship's hull below the waterline was replaced with a new welded hull according to the original drawings. The cut off lower hull section was towed into the Gulf of Finland, to the unfinished base at Ruchi, and sunk near the shore. The restoration revealed that some of the ship parts, including the armour plates, were originally made in England, which put in doubt the previously maintained image of the cruiser as a marvel of authentic Russian naval engineering.

Aurora stands today as the oldest commissioned ship of the Russian Navy, still flying the naval ensign under which she was commissioned, but now under the care of the Central Naval Museum. She is still manned by an active service crew commanded by a Captain of the 1st Rank.

From 1956 to the present day 28 million people have visited the cruiser Aurora.

In January, 2013, Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoygu announced plans to recommission Aurora and make it the symbol of the Russian Navy due to its historical and cultural importance

Timetable cruiser "Aurora":

10.30 - 16.00 weekend - Monday, Friday.

* Temporarily independent visit to the museum is closed, perhaps only group excursions visits by appointment by calling (812) 230-84-40.

 

The cost of visiting cruisers

• adults (RF) - 100 rub.,

• students and senior citizens (RF) - 50 rub.,

• adults (foreign citizens) - 300 rubles.,

• students and senior citizens (foreigners) - 100 rubles.

 

Photography - 50 rubles, videography - 100 rubles.

 


 

Список используемой литературы

 

1. Кириков Б.М. Невский проспект. Дом за домом/ Б.М.Кириков, Л.А.Кипикова, О.В.Петрова.- 2-е изд., испр. и доп..- М.: Центрополиграф, МиМ-Дельта, 2006.- 379 с.: ил.

2. Костылев Р.П. Петербургские архитектурные стили (XYIII - начало XX века)/ Р.П.Костылев, Г.Ф.Пересторонина.- СПб: Паритет, 2007.- 256 с

3. http://ru.wikipedia.org

4. http://www.ilovepetersburg.ru/

 

 





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