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Упражнения на все изученные времена

Упр. 221. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous; Present, Past Perfect.

1. We (to go) to school every day. 2. Nick (to do) his home-work by seven o'clock yesterday. 3. You (to help) your father tomorrow? 4. We (to bring) a lot of berries from the wood. Now we shall make jam. 5. Look! Jane (to swim) across the river. 6. What you (to do) at six o'clock yesterday? 7. You ever (to see) the Pyramids? 8. I (to go) to the Caucasus two years ago. 9. When Nick (to come) home yesterday, his mother (to return) and (to cook) dinner in the kitchen. 10. When I (to go) to school yesterday, I suddenly (to remember) that I (to for­get) to take my English exercise-book. 11. Yester­day grandfather (to tell) us how he (to work) at the factory during the war.

Упр. 222. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous; Present, Past Perfect,

1. I always (to come) to school at a quarter to nine. 2. Yesterday I (to come) to school at ten min­utes to nine. 3. Tomorrow Nick (not to go) to the cinema because he (to go) to the cinema yesterday. He already (to be) to the cinema this week. Look! He (to cry). 4. What your brother (to do) now? 5. My friend (to like) pies. He (to eat) pies every day. When I (to meet) him in the street yesterday, he (to eat) a pie. He (to tell) me that he (to buy) that pie at the corner of the street. Look at my friend nowl He (to eat) a pie again.

Упр. 223. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous; Present, Past Perfect.

1. When you (to come) to see us? — I (to come) tomorrow if I (not to be) busy. 2. I (not to like) apples. 3. He (to come) home at five o'clock yester­day. 4. I (to ring) you up as soon as I (to come) home tomorrow. 5. I (to show) you my work if you (to like). 6. He (to come) home by six o'clock yes terday. 7. Pete certainly (to help) you with your English if you (to ask) him. 8. This little boy never (to see) a crocodile. 9. Send me a telegram as soon as you (to arrive). 10. Let's go for a walk. The rain (to stop) and the sun (to shine). 11. If you (to help) me, I (to do) this work well. 12. I always (to get) up at eight o'clock, but tomorrow I (to get) up a little later. 13. What you (to read) now? — I (to read) Tom's book. I (to be) in a hurry. Tom soon (to come), and I (to want) to finish reading the book before he (to come). 14. As soon as you (to see) your friend, tell him that I (to want) to see him. 15. When I (to come) home yesterday, my brother (to sleep).



Упр. 224. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous; Present, Past Perfect.

1. Yesterday Nick (to say) that he (to read) much during his summer vacation. 2. At the age of twenty my father (to combine) work and study. 3. A great number of students (to study) in the reading-room when I (to enter) it last night. 4. The storm (to rage) the whole night, and the sailors (to try) to do their best to save the ship. 5. Mike's friends could hardly recognize him as he (to change) greatly af­ter his expedition to the Antarctic. 6. When I (to enter) the hall, the students (to listen) to a very interesting lecture in history. 7. Hello! Where you (to go)? — Nowhere in particular. I just (to take) a walk. 8. Our students (to do) all kinds of exercises and now they (to be) sure that they (to know) this rule well. They (to hope) they (to make) no mis­takes in the test-paper. 9. The expedition (to cov­er) hundreds of kilometres, but they still (to be) far from their destination. 10. You (to go) to Great Britain next year?

Упр. 225. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous; Present, Past Perfect.

1. Mike (to eat) ice-cream every day. Look, he (to eat) ice-cream now. When I (to see) him in the morning, he (to eat) ice-cream, too. He (to say) he (to eat) one ice-cream already by that time. I think he (to fall) ill if he (to eat) so much ice-cream. 2. They (to walk) along the street and (to talk). Suddenly Nick (to stop) and (to say): "Oh, what shall we do? I (to lose) the key to the door." "If you (not to find) it," said Pete, "we (to have) to wait for mother in the street." 3. When I (to come) to the station yesterday, I (to learn) that my train already (to leave). 4. What he (to do) when you (to see) him yesterday? 5. I (to give) you this book as soon as I (to finish) reading it. 6. When the ship (to cross) the ocean, a great storm (to break) out.

Упр. 226. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present. Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous, Present, Past Perfect.

1. You (to go) to the library tomorrow? — No, I already (to be) to the library this week. I (to be) there on Monday. As a rule, I (to go) to the library every Wednesday. But yesterday I (not to go) there, because I (not to read) the book. I (to read) it now. I (to go) to the library on Saturday if I (to finish) the book by that time. 2. As soon as I (to receive) a letter, I shall go to Moscow. 3. Yesterday I (to put) five apples into the vase. Where they (to be) now? — I (to eat) them. You (to bring) some more tomorrow? — Yes, if you (not to make) noise when granny (to sleep). 4. You ever (to be) to the Her­mitage? 5. What Nick (to do) when you (to ring) him up yesterday? — He (to play) the piano. He (to tell) me that he already (to write) his composi­tion. 6. Why she (to sleep) now? It (to be) too ear­ly. She never (to sleep) at this time.

Упр. 227. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous; Present, Past Perfect.

1. You (to go) for a walk with me? — I (to be) sorry, I can't. I (to do) my homework. I (not yet to write) the English exercise. If you (to wait) for me, I (to go) with you in half an hour. I (to want) to go for a walk very much, because I (not to go) for a walk yesterday. 2. Don't go to Nick's place now, he (to work). He (to finish) his homework at seven o'clock. If you (to come) after seven, he (to be) very glad. 3. Pete (to go) to the cinema? — Yes, I (to think) so. He usually (to play) in the yard at this time, and now he (not to be) there. 4. He (to read) a book at five o'clock esterday.

5. Yesterday the children (to do) all their home­work before mother (to come) home, and when she (to come), they (to play) with the cat. 6. I (to lose) my key when I (to play) in the yard yesterday. 7. Ring me up as soon as you (to come) home. 8. Where you usually (to take) books for reading?

Упр. 228. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous; Present, Past Perfect.

1. What you (to learn) for today? — I (to be) sorry, I (not to prepare) my lesson. I (to be) ill yesterday and (not to know) what to do. I (to pre­pare) my lesson tomorrow. — If you (not to pre­pare) your lesson tomorrow, you (to get) a bad mark. 2. What you (to do) at five o'clock yesterday? 3. Mike always (to do) his homework in the evening, but today he (to begin) doing it as soon as he comes from school, because his father (to promise) to take him to the theatre. 4. When Mary (to come) home, her brother (to read) the book which she (to bring) him two days before. 5. Autumn (to come). It (to be) November now. It (to get) colder, the days (to get) shorter. It often (to rain). Soon it (to be) very cold. 6. When I (to do) my homework yesterday, I quickly (to run) to the yard, because my friends (to wait) for me there. 7. We (to have) a good time last summer.

Упр. 229. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present, Past, Future Simple; Present, Past Continuous; Present, Past Perfect.

It was eight o'clock in the morning and time for me to go to work. I (to look) out of the window. It (to rain) hard. "You (to get) wet through if you (to go) out now," said my mother. "No, I ... ," I an­swered, "I (to take) an umbrella." We (to have) five umbrellas in the house, but when I (to want) to take one, I (to find) that there (to be) not one that I could use: they all (to be) torn or broken. So I (to take) them all and (to carry) them to the umbrella-maker, saying that I would call for the umbrellas on my way home in the evening. When I (to go) to have lunch in the afternoon, it still (to rain) very hard. I (to go) to the nearest cafe, and (to sit) down at a table. A few minutes later a young woman (to come) in and (to sit) down at the same table with me. When I (to finish) my lunch and (to be) ready to leave, I absent-mindedly (to take) her umbrella and (to start) for the exit. She (to stop) me saying that I (to take) her umbrella. I (to return) the um­brella with many apologies. In the evening I (to go) to the umbrella-maker, (to take) my five umbrellas and (to get) on the tram to go home. It so happened that the woman I (to meet) at the cafe (to ride) in the same tram. When she (to see) me with my five umbrellas, she (to say): "You (to have) a successful day today, (to have not) you?"

[Спряжение глагола to write (писать)  
в Future Continuous Tense  
(Future Progressive Tense)  
(действие в процессе, будет совершаться  
в определенный момент в будущем)  
1 shall be writing   I shall not be writing  
Не will be writing   He will not be writing  
She will be writing   She will not be writing  
It will be writing   It will not be writing  
We shall be writing   We shall not be writing  
You will be writing   You will not be writing  
They will be writing   They will not be writing  
Shall I   Yes,   [ shall   No, I shan't  
be writing?              
Will he   Yes, he will   No, he won't  
be writing?              
Will she   Yes, she will   No, she won't  
be writing?              
Will it   Yes, it will   No, it won't  
be writing?              
Shall we   Yes, we shall   No, we shan't  
be writing?           /  
Will you   Yes, you will   No, you won't  
be writing?              
Will they   Yes, they will   No, they won't  
be writing?              

 

Спряжение глагола to write (писать)  
в Future Perfect Tense  
(действие уже совершится  
к определенному моменту в будущем)  
I shall have   I shall not have  
written   written  
Не will have   He will not have  
written   written  
She will have   She will not have  
written   written  
It will have   It will not have  
written   written  
We shall have   We shall not have  
written   written  
You will have   You will not have  
written   written  
They will have   They will not have  
written   written  
Shall I   Yes, I shall   No, I shan't  
have written?          
Will he   Yes, he will   No, he won't  
have written?          
Will she   Yes, she will   No, she won't  
have written?          
Will it   Yes, it will   No, it won't  
have written?          
Shall we   Yes, we shall   No, we shan't  
have written?          
Will you   Yes, you will   No, you won't  
have written?          
Will they   Yes, they will   No, they won't  
have written?          
       

 

Сравните употребление трех будущих времен:

(Future Simple, Future Continuous,

Future Perfect)

Упр.230. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из будущих времен: Future Simple, Future Continuous или Future Perfect.

1. I (to do) my homework tomorrow. 2. I (to do) my homework at six o'clock tomorrow. 3. I (to do) my homework by six o'clock tomorrow. 4. When I come home tomorrow, my family (to have) supper. 5. When you come to my place tomorrow, I (to read) your book. I (to do) my homework by the time you come. 6. Don't come to my place tomor­row. I (to write) a composition the whole evening. 7.1 (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. I (to watch) TV the whole evening. 8. What you (to do) tomor­row? 9. What you (to do) at eight o'clock tomor­row? 10. You (to play) volley-ball tomorrow? 11. You (to do) this work by next Sunday? 12. When you (to go) to see your friend next time? 13. How many pages you (to read) by five o'clock tomorrow? 14. Tomorrow I (to begin) doing my homework as soon as I come from school. I (to do) my homework from three till six. My father (to come) home at seven o'clock tomorrow. I (to do) all my homework by the time he comes, and we (to go) for a walk together.

Спряжение глагола to write (писать) в Present Perfect Continuous Tense (Present Perfect Progressive Tense) (действие началось в прошлом, длилось вплоть : до настоящего и продолжается в настоящем) I have been I have not been writing writing He has been He has not been writing writing She has been She has not been writing writing It has been It has not been writing writing We have been We have not been writing writing You have been You have not been writing writing They have been They have not been writing writing Have I been Yes, I have No, I haven't writing? Has he been Yes, he has No, he hasn't writing? Has she been Yes, she has No, she hasn't writing? Has it been Yes, it has No, it hasn't writing? Have we been Yes, we have No, we haven't writing? Have you been Yes, you have No, you haven't writing? Have they been Yes, they have No, they haven't writing?

 

Сравните следующие предложения:

Я живув Санкт-Пе­тербурге. I livein St. Peters­burg.

Я живув Санкт-Пе­тербурге с детства.I have been livingin St. Petersburg since childhood.

Она делаетуроки.She is doingher home­work.

Она делаетуроки с утра.She has been doingher homework since morning.

Упр. 231. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Present Continuous или Present Perfect Continuous.

1. а) Она читает.

b) Она читает с утра.

2. а) Они играют в волейбол.

Ь) Они играют в волейбол с трех часов.

3. а) Мы изучаем английский язык.

Ь) Мы изучаем английский язык с 1998 года.

4. а) Мой папа работает в институте.

Ь) Мой папа работает в институте с 1995 года.

5. а) Моя бабушка готовит обед.

Ь) Моя бабушка готовит обед с двух часов.

6. а) Моя сестра спит.

Ь) Моя сестра спит с пяти часов.

7. а) Мама убирает квартиру.

Ь) Мама убирает квартиру с утра.

8. а) Дедушка смотрит телевизор.

Ь) Дедушка смотрит телевизор с шести часов.

9. а) Мой дядя пишет стихи.

Ь) Мой дядя пишет стихи с детства.

Сравните следующие предложения:  
1 am still working at my report.   Все еще работаю.   Present Continuous  
1 have already been working at my report for three hours.   Уже 3 часа работаю.   Present Perfect Continuous  

Упр. 232. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Perfect Continuous.

1. а) Они все еще спорят. Ъ) Они спорят уже два часа. 2. а) Она еще спит. Ь) Она спит уже два часа. 3. а) Он еще делает уроки. Ь) Он делает уроки уже три часа. 4. а) Мальчики все еще играют в футбол. Ь) Они играют в футбол уже сорок минут. 5. а) Девочки еще переодеваются. Ь) Они переодеваются уже полчаса. 6. а) Она все еще изучает испанский язык. Ь) Она уже два года изучает испанский язык. 7. а) Они все еще живут на даче. Ь) Они уже четыре месяца живут на даче. 8. а) Она все еще разговаривает по телефону. Ь) Она разговаривает по телефону уже двад­цать минут. 9. а) Мой брат все еще решает эту трудную за­дачу. Ь) Он решает эту задачу уже полчаса. 10. а) Она все еще пишет письмо бабушке. Ь) Она уже целый час пишет это письмо. И. а) Они все еще ловят рыбу. Ь) Они ловят рыбу уже пять часов. 12. а) Дедушка и бабушка все еще играют в лото. Ь) Они играют в лото уже два часа. 13. а) Артисты все еще репетируют эту сцену. Ь) Они репетируют эту сцену уже три часа. 14. а) Дети все еще бегают во дворе. Ь) Они уже три часа бегают во дворе. 15. а) Он все еще пишет свою новую книгу. Ь) Он пишет свою новую книгу уже два года. 16. а) Он все еще учит монолог Гамлета. Ь) Он учит монолог Гамлета уже два дня. 17. а) Мы все еще ремонтируем нашу квартиру. Ь) Мы ремонтируем нашу квартиру уже пол­месяца.

Сравните употребление всех времен Present

Упр. 233. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в одном из следующих времен: Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous.

1. He (to run) now. He (to rim) for ten minutes without any rest. 2. What they (to do) now? — They (to work) in the reading-room. They (to work) there for already three hours. 3. Where he (to be) now? — He (to be) in the garden. He (to play) vol­ley-ball with his friends. They (to play) since break­fast time. 4. I (to live) in St. Petersburg. I (to live) in St. Petersburg since 1990. 5. She already (to do) her homework for two hours; but she (not yet to do) half of it. 6. I (to wait) for you since two o'clock. 7. What you (to do)? — I (to read). I (to read) for already two hours. I already (to read) sixty pages. 8. This man (to be) a writer. He (to write) books. He (to write) books since he was a young man. He al­ready (to write) eight books. 9. What you (to do) here since morning? 10. Lena is a very good girl. She always (to help) her mother about the house. Today she (to help) her mother since morning. They already (to wash) the floor and (to dust) the furni­ture. Now they (to cook) dinner together. 11. This is the factory where my father (to work). He (to work) here for fifteen years. 12. You (to find) your note-book? — No! I still (to look) for it. I already (to look) for it for two hours, but (not yet to find) it. 13. You (to play) with a ball for already three hours. Go home and do your homework. 14. Wake up! You (to sleep) for ten hours already. 15. I (to wait) for a letter from my cousin for a month al­ready, but (not yet to receive) it. 15. It is difficult for me to speak about this opera as I (not to hear) it. 16. I just (to receive) a letter from my granny, but I (not yet to receive) any letters from my par­ents. 17. The weather (to be) fine today. The sun (to shine) ever since we got up. 18. Every day I (to wind) up my watch at 10 o'clock in the evening. 19. Come along, Henry, what you (to do) now? I (to wait) for you a long time. 20. Where your gloves (to be)? — I (to put) them into my pocket.

Глаголы, не имеющие форм Continuous, сле­дует употреблять в Present Perfect
Сравните следующие пары предложений.
Я знаю его. Я знаю его уже три года. I know him. I have known him for three years.
Я хочу поехать в Лондон. Я всегда хотел поехать в Лондон (и сейчас хочу). I want to go to Lon­don. I have always want­ed to go to London.
Она больна. Она больна уже две не-деди. She is ill. She has been ill for two weeks.
Он предпочитает класси­ческую музыку. Он всегда предпочитал классическую музыку (и сейчас предпочита­ет). He prefers classical music. He has always pre­ferred classical mu­sic.
Она любит кошек. Она всегда любила ко­шек (и сейчас любит). She likes cats. She has always liked cats.
 

Упр. 234. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, или Present Perfect Continuous.

1. Я уже три дня об этом думаю. 2. Моя сестра пьет кофе с молоком. А я всегда предпочитал черный кофе. 3. Мы очень рады вас видеть. Мы вас ждали целый месяц. 4. Вы все еще читаете эту книгу? Сколько времени вы ее уже читаете? 5. Моя сестра занимается музыкой уже пять лет. 6. Я ищу тебя весь вечер. Где ты был все это время? 7. Они пишут сочинение уже два часа. 8. Мы знаем друг друга уже четыре года. 9. Я всегда хотел изучать английский язык. 10. Где Нина? — Она уже "два часа дома. 11. Где дети? — Они все еще играют во дворе. 12. Мой брат уже три года инженер. 13. Мой друг знает анг­лийский с детства. 14. Я уже полчаса наблю­даю за тобой. 15. Ваш брат еще болен? — Нет, он уже поправился. Он уже три дня занимается физикой. Он хочет получить отличную оценку на экзамене. 16. Мне уже давно хочется про­честь эту книгу. 17. Я уже двадцать минут пы­таюсь найти мою старую тетрадь. 18. Они уже десять лет живут в Нью Йорке. 19. Моя тетя — артистка. Она всегда любила театр. 20. Ваш папа уже вернулся с севера? — Да, он уже две неде­ли дома.

Будущее в прошедшем

Не забудьте, что если главное предложение сто­ит в прошедшем времени, то в придаточном до­полнительном вместо будущих времен должны употребляться соответствующие будущие-в-прошедшем времена.

Упр. 235. Перепишите следующие предложе­ния в прошедшем времени.

1. I am afraid I shall be late. 2. Do you think we shall pick all the apples in three days? 3. He hopes you will often visit him. 4. They expect he will be at home in a few days. 5. Are you afraid we shan't be in time? 6. She promises that she will finish the work in a week. 7. I think Henry will help us.

Упр. 236. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в Future Simple или Future-in-the Past Simple.

1. I know we (not to be) late. 2. I knew we (not to be) late. 3. I want to know whether he (to be) at

home. 4. I wanted to know whether he (to be) at 'home. 5. "When you (to be) ready?" he asked. 6. He asked when I (to be) ready. 7. I can't say whether Bob (to do) the work perfectly, but he (to do) his best. 8. He asked me whether he (to see) Olga there. 9. Are you sure that we (to have) time to do that? 10. I was afraid he (to say): "I don't think I (to be) able to come." 11. I did not know what he (to speak) about.

Упр. 237. Употребите следующие предложения как придаточные дополнительные. В роли глав­ных предложений используйте предложения, дан­ные в скобках.

(I supposed; He believed; She was sure; We were told; I heard; She said; He understood; She imagined; The letter said.)

E.g. My brother willbe sleeping.

I supposedthat my brother wouldbe sleeping.

1. They will win the game. 2. I shall go to the south. 3. My sister will not forget to ring me up.

4. I shall have done my homework by nine o'clock.

5. The tourists will not return by sunset. 6. My friends will be waiting for me. 7. My friend will have returned by that time. 8. They will be work­ing the whole evening. 9. He will solve the prob­lem in no time. 10. The new film will be on in many cinemas. 11. The teacher will have corrected our papers by the beginning of the lesson. 12. She will not like this TV programme. 13. The train will arrive on time. 14. The children will be play­ing in the yard. 15. All the newspapers will pub­lish this information.

Упр. 238. Переведите на английский язык, об­ращая внимание на время глагола в главном предложении,

1. Я знаю, что он скоро придет. 2. Я знал, что он скоро придет. 3. Я думаю, что она будет спать в это время. 4. Я думал, что она будет спать в это время. 5. Она думает, что сделает всю работу к пяти часам. 6. Она думала, что сделает всю работу к пяти часам. 7. Она боялась, что ее друг не придет. 8. Они написали, что скоро приедут. 9. Я был уверен, что встречу его на станции. 10. Я думаю, что папа скоро напишет нам пись­мо, 11. Вам сказали, что в декабре мы будем пи­сать контрольную работу? 12. Он понял, что ни­когда ее не забудет. 13. Я полагаю, что они вспомнят о нас. 14. Он говорит, что знает этого человека. 15. Она боялась, что ее сын весь вечер будет сидеть перед телевизором. 16. Я был уве­рен, что к десяти часам он уже выучит стихот­ворение. 17. Я знал, что к девяти часам мама уже приготовит ужин и в'девять часов вся семья будет сидеть за столом. Я боялся, что приду слиш­ком поздно.

 

Все времена действительного залога
      Future
Present Past Future  
      in-the-Past
      (He said that)
Не He wrote He will he would write
writes a letter write a a letter the
letters yesterday letter next day
every   tomorrow  
day      
      (He said that)
He is He was He will be he would be
writing writing writing writing
a letter a letter a letter a letter
now at 5 o'clock at 5 o'clock at 5 o'clock
  yesterday tomorrow the next day
      (He said that)
He has He had He will he would have
already written have writ- written
written a letter ten a letter a letter
a letter by 5 o'clock by 5 o'clock by 5 o'clock
  yesterday tomorrow the next day
      (He said that)
He has He had He will he would have
been been have been been writing
writing writing writing a letter
a letter a letter a letter for two hours
since for two for two when I came
morn- hours hours  
ing when I when I  
  came come  

Упражнения

На все 16 времен





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