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СЛОЖНОЕ ПОДЛЕЖАЩЕЕ (COMPLEX SUBJECT)



Не   is said to know six languages. Говорят, что он знает шесть языков.  
Не   was said to know six languages. Говорили, что он знает шесть языков.  
Не   is said to have gone to London. Говорят, что он уехал в Лондон.  
Не   was said to have gone to London. Говорили, что он уехал в Лондон. ————————————————————————————  

Обратите внимание, что сказуемое выражено глаголом в Passive Voice.

Следующая таблица поможет вам переводить предложения, содержащие Complex Subject.

Не was said to work

a lot.

...was said to... ...was seen to... ...was heard to... ...was supposed to... ...was believed to... ...was expected to... ...was reported to... ...was considered to... ...was thought to... ...was found to... ...was announced to... ...was known to...

— Говорили, что он

много работает

— Говорили, что...

— Видели, что...

— Слышали, что...

— Предполагали, что...

— Полагали, что...

— Ожидали, что

— Сообщали, что

— Считали, что

— Думали, что..,

— Обнаружили, что...

— Объявили, что...

— Было известно, что...

Упр. 434. Переведите на русский язык, обра­щая внимание на сложное подлежащее.

1. Не was said to be one of the most promising nuclear physicists. 2. He is said to be a good trans­lator. 3. Roberta was known to be an honest and hard-working girl. 4. Clyde was expected to ar­rive at the week-end. 5. Becky and Tom were sup­posed to have stayed at the widow Douglas'. 6. The number of the unemployed is reported to be increasing with every year. 7. Many new text­books are expected to be published soon. 8. The Moscow Underground is said to be the finest in the world. 9. Chernyshevsky is known to have spoken several foreign languages. 10. A hare is known to run very fast. 11. The man was seen to take off his coat. 12. The diamond content of the mines in Western Yakutia is said to be in no way inferior to that of the world-famous South Afri­can mines. 13. That power station is known to be situated on the Angara River. 14. These devices are considered to be very effective. 15. Many books are known to be published in our country every year. 16. You are supposed to graduate in four years. 17. Radium is said to be very radioactive. 18. This device was known to have been designed in that laboratory. 19. His invention is consid­ered to be of great importance. 20. The sun is known to represent a mass of compressed gases. 21. The new rocket is reported to go into opera­tion next year. 22. This type of rocket is sup­posed to have many advantages. 23. For a long­time the atom was thought to be indivisible. 24. The helium atom was found to have two elec­trons. 25. I did not know what I was expected to say to that, so I said nothing.



Упр. 435. Перефразируйте следующие пред­ложения, употребляя сложное подлежащее.

E.g. We heard that a car stoppedoutside the door, A car was heard to stopoutside the door. It is believed that the poem was writtenby Byron. The poem is believed to have been writtenby Byron.

1. We know Bernard Shaw to have been a very witty man. 2. People consider the climate there to be very healthful. 3. It was announced that the Chinese dancers were arriving next week. 4. It is expected that the performance will be a success. 5, It is said that the book is popular with both old and young. 6. It is believed that the poem was

written by an unknown soldier. 7. It is supposed that the playwright is working at a new comedy. 8. It is reported that the flood has caused much damage to the crops. 9. It was supposed that the crops would be rich that year. 10. It has been found that this mineral water is very good for the liver. 11. Scientists consider that electricity exists throughout space. 12. It is said that the weather in Europe was exceedingly hot last summer. 13. It is said that this man was very handsome in his youth. 14. It was reported that five ships were missing after the battle.

Следующие глаголы в предложениях, содержащих Complex Subject, употребляются в Active Voice.

to seem, to appear, to turn out, to happen

Упр. 436. Переведите на русский язык, обра­щая внимание на сложное подлежащее.

1. Irving turned out to be a long, pale-faced fel­low. 2. His office turned out to be in one of the back streets. 3. He appeared to be an ideal man. 4, She doesn't seem to want to do anything I sug­gest. 5. He turned out to have no feeling whatever for his nephew. 6. This appeared to amuse the po­liceman. 7. You can easily get in through the win­dow if the door happens to be locked. 8. The peas­ants did not seem to see her. 9. The Gadfly seemed to have taken a dislike to Signora Grassini from the time of their first meeting. 10. You don't seem to have done any great thing to yourself by going away. 11. "Jim," he said at last, in a voice that did not seem to belong to him. 12. Money just doesn't happen to interest me. 13. In the middle of the lecture Dr. Sommerville happened to pause and look out of the window. 14. From the very first men. turn of Long John, I was afraid that he might turn out to be the very one-legged sailor whom I had watched for so long at the inn. 15. Clyde seemed to have been thinking of no one else but Sondra since their last meeting. 16. Clyde appeared to have forgotten of his promise to spend his spare eve. mugs with Roberta. 17. She appeared to be an ex­cellent actress. 18. One day a Hare happened to moot a Tortoise. 19. The Tortoise seemed to be moving very slowly. 20. The Hare turned out to be the loser of the race. 21. The apparatus seemed to be in excellent condition. 22. You appear to have found in him something that I have missed. 23. This work seems to take much time. 24. The operation seemed to be a complicated one. 25. The new methods of work appear to be very effective. 26, The percentage of carbon in this steel turned out to be low.





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