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СОСЛАГАТЕЛЬНОЕ НАКЛОНЕНИЕ



ПОСЛЕ "I WISH"

Запомните три типа условных предложений  
I If the weather is fine, we shall play outside. If you ring me up, I shall tell you something.   Если погода будет хоро­шая, мы будем играть на открытом воздухе. Если ты мне позво­нишь, я тебе кое-что расскажу.  
II If the weather were fine, we should play out­side. If you rang me up, I should tell you something.   Если бы погода была хорошая (сегодня; зав­тра), мы бы играли на открытом воздухе. Если бы ты мне позвонил (сегодня, завтра), я бы тебе кое-что рассказал.  
Ill If the weather had been fine, we should have played outside. If you had rung me up, I should have told you something.   Если бы погода была хорошая (вчера), мы бы играли на открытом воздухе. Если бы ты мне позво­нил (вчера), я бы тебе кое-что рассказал.  

Упр. 440. Раскрывая скобки, напишите каж­дое предложение три раза, образуя условные предложения I, II и III типов.

E.g. If you (to be)free, I (to come)to see you.

If you are free, I shall cometo see you. If you werefree, I should cometo sec you. If you had beenfree, I should have come , tosee you. If I (to see)her, I (to be)glad.

If I see her, I shall beglad.

If I saw her, I should beglad.

If I had seen her, I should have beenglad.

1. If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone. 2. If I (to live) in Moscow, I (to visit) the Tretyak-ov Gallery every year. 3. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go) to the Philharmonic. 4. If I (to live) near a wood, I (to gather) a lot of mushrooms. 5. If my father (to return) early, we (to watch) TV togeth­er. 6. If she (to know) English, she (to try) to enter the university. 7. If my friend (to come) to see me, I (to be) very glad. 8. If mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea parly, 9. If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry). 10. If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) at the examination.

Упр. 441. Перепишите каждое из следующих предложений дважды, образуя предложения не­реального условия: а) относящиеся к настояще­му или будущему (II тип), Ь) относящиеся к про­шедшему (III тип).

1. If I am not too busy, I shall go to the concert. 2. If no one comes to help, we shall be obliged to do the work ourselves. 3. If you put on your glass-

    live in the south   I shall   bathe every day.  
    come home late       go to bed at once.  
    live in the country       often go to the wood.  
    go to the wood       gather many mushrooms.  
    receive his letter       be very happy.  
    fall ill       go to the doctor.  
    find my book       be very glad.  
    lose my money       be very sorry.  
    see my friend       ask his advice.  

Упр. 443. Произнесите вслух все возможные условные предложения II типа, используя под­становочную таблицу. (Упражнение на выработ­ку автоматизма речи)



[ wish   in the south   1 should   bathe every day.  
I were   at home       go to bed.  
if I were   in the country       go to the wood.  
    in the wood       gather many mushrooms.  
    at the camp       have a very good time.  
    a scientist       invent a time machine  
    a composer       write beautiful music.  
    a poet       write beautiful poetry.  
    a writer       write interesting novels  
    a spaceman       fly to other planets.  
    a sailor       sail to Africa.  

Упр. 444. Произнесите вслух все возможные условные предложения III типа, используя под­становочную таблицу. (Упражнение на выработ­ку автоматизма речи)

  I wish I had translated the ar­ticle yesterday   I should have     found out all about this dis-  
            covery.  
    met you yesterday       told you some-  
            thing.  
    read this new book       told you about it.  
    seen your brother       asked him to  
    yesterday   come to our  
        place.  
    I bought a diction-       translated the  
    ary       text.  
    learned my lesson       got a good mark.  
    rung him up yes-       found out all  
    terday       about his illness  
         
    gone to the library       got that book.  
    had more practice in chess       won the game yesterday.  
    joined you in fish-       caught a lot of  
    ing       fish.  
    had a ticket yes-       gone to the thea
    terday       tre with you.  
    asked you to help       done the work  
    me       well.  
    called at that shop       bought the book.  
    called on my friend yesterday   met interesting people  
    won the champion-       been sent  
    ship       abroad.  
    heard about it yes-          
    terday   been pleased.  
   

cs, you will see better. 4. What shall we do if they are late? 5. Will you be very angry if we don't come? 6. Will he be very displeased if I don't ring him up? 7. They will all be surprised if I make such a mistake. 8. If he doesn't come in tune, shall we have to wait for him?

Упр. 442. Произнесите вслух все возможные условные предложения 1 типа, используя под­становочную таблицу. (Упражнение на выработ­ку автоматизма речи)





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