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настоящего времени или герундием. Переведите предложения на русский язык. 1. This can be illustrated by examining the memory chip

1. This can be illustrated by examining the memory chip. 2. Then a final process known as metalisation completes the chip, thus reducing the processing time for a new design by two-thirds. 3. For systems requiring lower performance there is a choice: choice of technology and choice of design. 4. The designers have aimed at gaining performance by reducing the complexity of the control logic. 5. Solving these complex equations may require a digital computer. 6. The advantages of the new equipment is functioning under wide changes of temperature and pressure. 7. This represents a set of programs concerned with displaying, analyzing, checking and simulating the design. 8. Nearly all components and interconnections for data-processing equipment are fabricated by automated printing techniques, with the information for the manufacturing data being in digital form. 9. When applying these two methods, consideration should be given to the physical phenomenon. 10. The automated landing system must ensure landing the passenger airplane at night.

Перепишите и переведите на русский язык следующий текст.

There are several advantages in making computers as small al possible. Sometimes weight is particularly important. A modern aircraft, for example, carries quite a load of electronic apparatus. If it is possible to make any of these smaller, and therefore lighter, the aircraft can carry a bigger load. This kind of consideration applies to space satellites and to all kinds of computers that have to be carried about.

But weight is not the only factor. The smaller the computer the faster it can work. The signals go to and from at a very high but almost constant speed. So if one can scale down all dimensions to, let us say, one tenth, the average lengths of the current paths will be reduced to one tenths. So, very roughly speaking, scaling down of all linear dimensions in the ration of one to ten also gives a valuable advantage, the speed of operation is scaled up to 10 times. Other techniques allow even further speed increase.

The increase of operation is a real advantage. Another advantage is that less power is required to run the computer. In space satellites this is an important matter. Another advantage is reliability. Mini-computers have been made possible by the development of integrated circuits. Repair of any kind is no longer needed. If one component circuit develops a fault, all that is needed is to locate the faulty unit, throw it away and plug in a new one.





Для правильного выполнения задания № 4 необходимо усвоить следующие разделы курса грамматики английского языка по любым учебным пособиям:

1. Основные сведения о сослагательном наклонении. Аналитические и синтетические формы сослагательного наклонения. Сослагательное наклонение в условных придаточных предложениях.

2. Сложные формы инфинитива, герундия и причастия. Обороты, равнозначные придаточным предложениям:

Объектный инфинитивный оборот (Complex Object);

Субъектный инфинитивный оборот (Complex Subject);

Самостоятельный (независимый) причастный оборот

(Absolute Participial Construction);

Конструкции с герундием (Gerundial Complexes).

3. Сложные предложения. Способы перевода придаточных определительных, обстоятельственных и дополнительных предложений.


После изучения указанного выше материала можно приступать к выполнению задания.

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