Sustainable development strategy of Kazakhstan
The tasks of the RK to improve the environment and achieve sustainable development including conservation of biodiversity. This strategy has four priorities:
· Creation of ecologically safe environment:
- stable improvement of the environment for it become favorable to live in and for the health of people;
- restoration of the violated natural ecological systems;
- creation of the system of adequate stable financing of natural protection programs by the subsurface users and social funds including international ones.
· Sustainable use of natural resources:
- control for status of environment and monitoring of it, control for nature managers;
- sustainable use, reproduction and protection of natural resources;
- transition to the resources saving technologies.
· Conservation of biodiversity of flora and fauna:
- monitoring, rational use, reproduction and protection of flora and fauna;
- development of the network of specially protected territories.
· Ecological education:
- public awareness and education of the society in the field of environment protection and rational use of natural resources
- social cultivation of conscious priority of environment protection problems.
2. Solutions at international level: International conventions
Convention – a binding official agreement made between a number of states and/or economic integration organizations (such as the European Community), whereby each state/organization (contracting party) accepts certain obligations.
Kazakhstan is a party to 24 multilateral environment agreements, 13 of which have been ratified. One of the Kazakhstan’s policy goals is to harmonize national environmental legislation with international standards norms and standards, particularly those to European Union.
Table International aggriments/conventions on environment protection:
3. Solutions at national level:
· Greater familiarity with and better control of the natural heritage.
· Conserving the most endangered species and their habitats by establishing national networks of protected areas (national parks, nature reserves, etc).
· Protecting and managing biodiversity over the whole of a territory, including non-protected areas, by ensuring sustainable development and maintaining “calm” areas for wild species. This should be done when programs for major public works and infrastructures, agriculture, forestry and transport policies and tourist development programs, are approved.
· Improving existing national legal frameworks for protection of biodiversity. For this purpose, i.e. the council of Europe has drawn up a Model Act on the Protection of the Environment, which encompasses every element capable of ensuring comprehensive protection of the environment and promoting an ecologically stable and healthy environment.
· Raising public awareness of biodiversity issues by means of national campaigns.