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Study the vocabulary you may need to understand the text below. After that



  • count how many words/word combinations you’ve known before
  • elicit words/word combinations you would like to learn

 

create [krɪ'eɪt] (v) творить, создавать

tool [tu:l](n) инструмент; орудие труда

set in motion ['məυʃn] приводить в действие, приводить в движение

breakthrough ['breɪkθru:] (adj) качественно новый

breakthrough innovation - крупное научное/техническое новаторство; прорыв (в науке)

originate [ə'rɪdʒəneɪt] (v) 1) брать начало, происходить, возникать

2) давать начало, порождать; создавать

to originate a new style in music - создать новый стиль в музыке

conceive [kən'si:v] (v) задумывать

a well conceived plan - хорошо задуманный план

explore [ɪk'splɔ:] (v) исследовать; обследовать; изучать

interaction [̗ɪntər'ækʃn] (n) взаимодействие

proto type ['prəυtəυ taɪp] (n) прототип, пилотная модель

carve [kɑ:v] (v) резать, вырезать (по дереву или кости)

carved from horn - вырезанный из рога

carved in ivory - вырезанный из слоновой кости

carved in stone - высеченный из камня

button ['bʌtn] (n) кнопка

to press the button - нажать кнопку

design [dɪ'zaɪn] (n) проект; конструкция; устройство

multiple ['mʌltɪpl] (adj) многократный; многочисленный

single ['sɪŋɡl] (adj) один; единственный

follow ['fɒləυ] (v) следовать, идти за

wheel [wi:l] (n) колесо; колёсико

cursor ['kɜ:sə] (n) курсор

purpose ['pɜ:pəs] (n) намерение, цель, назначение

on purpose - нарочно;

on purpose to... - с целью...;

to answer (или to serve) the purpose - годиться, отвечать цели

facilitate [fə'sɪləteɪt] (v) облегчать; способствовать; продвигать

patent ['peɪtnt] (adj) патентованный

patent ['peɪtnt], тaкжe ['pætnt] (n) - патент; запатентованный предмет, изобретение

patent office - бюро патентов

patent ['peɪtnt], тaкжe ['pætnt] (v) - патентовать; брать патент (на что-л.)

collaboration [kə̗læbə'reɪʃn] (n) сотрудничество; совместная работа

to work in collaboration with… – сотрудничать c…

collaborate [kə'læbəreɪt] (v) - сотрудничать

graduate student ['ɡrædʒυət̗stju:dnt] (n) аспирант

cathode-ray tube [̗kæθəυd'reɪtju:b] (n) электронно-лучевая трубка

extension [ɪk'stenʃn] (n) расширение, развитие

capability [̗keɪpə'bɪlətɪ] (n) 1) способность



2) pl (потенциальные) возможности

augmentation [̗ɔ:ɡmen'teɪʃn] (n) увеличение, прирост, приращение

stage [steɪdʒ] (v) организовывать, осуществлять

to stage a demonstration - устроить демонстрацию

fall [fɔ:l] (n) (амер.) осень

debut ['deɪbju:] (n) дебют

to make one's debut - дебютировать

edit ['edɪt] (v) редактировать

contribution [̗kɒntrɪ'bju:ʃn] (n) вклад (денежный, научный и т. п.)

lasting contribution – прочный вклад

enhance [ɪn'hɑ:ns] (v) увеличивать, усиливать, повышать

enhance competitiveness – повышать конкурентоспособность

 

Work in pairs and discuss what you know about the first computer mouse and its inventor.

Now read Paragraphs 1, 2 of Text B and answer the questions:

  1. What is SRI International?
  2. When did Doug Engelbart conceive of the computer mouse?
  3. Who built the first proto type of the computer mouse?
  4. What was the first computer mouse based on?
  5. What is the patentl name of a computer mouse?

 

2.11 Scan Text B and say what these dates refer to?

 

early 1960s 1964 1968 2000

Read the text and complete the summary below.

TEXT B

The First Mouse

Dr. Douglas C. Engelbart and his team at SRI (Stanford Research Institute) International created many of the concepts and tools that set the global computer revolution in motion. The first computer mouse was one of many breakthrough innovations originating at SRI.

Doug Engelbart conceived of the mouse in the early 1960s while exploringthe interactions between humans and computers. Bill English, then the chief engineer at SRI, built the first proto type in 1964. The first computer mouse was based on a carved block of wood with a single red button. Designs with multiple buttons followed soon. A single wheel or a pair of wheels was used to translate the motion of the mouse into cursor movement on the screen. Doug Engelbart was the inventor on the basic patent for what was then called the "X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System." For Doug, the mouse was one part of a much larger technological system whose purpose was to facilitate organizational learningand global online collaboration.

When Doug Engelbart was a graduate student in electrical engineering, he began to imagine ways in which all sorts of information could be displayed on the screens of cathode ray tubes, and he dreamed of "flying" through a variety of information spaces.

At the heart of his vision was the computer as an extension of human communication capabilities and a resource for the augmentation of human intellect. In 1968 Doug Engelbart with the group of young computer scientists and electrical engineers staged a 90- minute public multimedia demonstration at the Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco.

It was the world debut of personal computingwhen a computer mouse controlled a networked computer system to demonstrate hypertext linking, real-time text editing, multiple windows with flexible view control, cathode display tubes, and shared-screen teleconferencing. Video clips of the demonstration are available at http://sloan.stanford.edu/MouseSite/1968Demo.html.

In 2000, Doug Engelbart was awarded the National Medal of Technology -- the United State's highest technology honor -- recognizing innovators who have made lasting contributions to enhancingAmerica's competitiveness and standard of livingand whose solid science has resulted in commercially successful products and services.

(Courtesy of SRI International, Menlo Park, CA) http://www.tryengineering.org

 





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