Complete the summary
| Doug Engelbart always dreamed of the computer as an _____ of human communication capabilities and a _____ for the growth of human intellect. When he was a graduate student, he began to imagine ways to _____ all sorts of information on the screens of cathode ray tubes.
In the early 1960s Doug Engelbart explored the ______ between humans and computers. It was the time when he _____ of the computer mouse.
The first computer mouse ________ was built by Bill English the chief engineer at SRI in 1964. It was based on a carved block of wood with a red button. A single wheel was used to _____ the motion of the mouse into cursor movement on the screen. The world _____ of a computer mouse took place in San Francisco in 1968.
In 2000, Doug Engelbart got the National Medal of Technology -- the United State's _____technology award.
2.14 Look at “-ing” words in bold type in Text B. Do they function like nouns?
Do you know that…?
| A Verb + “-ing” that functions like a noun is a gerund.
Some verbs that can be followed by a gerund:
Admit avoid consider deny enjoy finish start continue miss practice suggest (dis)like keep mind miss practice recommend resist understand
Gerund is also follows after prepositions (like a noun). (e.g. He’s interested in workingwith students.)
A gerund can be the subject of a sentence. (e.g. Working too long on a computer is bad for your eyes.)
A gerund can also be the object of certain verbs. (e.g. I enjoy surfing the Web).
It is possible to turn a verb (phrase) into the object of certain other verbs by putting it into the –ing form words (e.g. instead of ‘Sarah reads a lot; she likes it’ we can say ‘Sarah likes reading’ and instead of ‘Jack plays a lot of computer games; he enjoys it’ we can say ‘Jack enjoys playing computer games’).
Translate the sentences with the _ing form words into Russian.
2.15 Change this sentences, replacing it by an –ing form of the verb and the rest of the phrase, if there is one. Start each sentence with the words in brackets:
1) Most children watch television a lot. They begin it when they are very young, and continue it all their lives. (Most children begin…)
2) My friend works on his notebook during the classes at University. He likes it. (My friend likes…)
3) Most computer manufacturers don’t use the term “laptop” anymore. They stopped it completely. (Most computer manufacturers stopped …)
4) More and more people buy a mobile computer today. They prefer it to a desktop computer. (More and more people prefer …)
5) First computer occupied whole rooms or buildings. It was very big. (First computer was very big…)
6) A lot of people search the Internet. They look for necessary information in it. (A lot of people look for necessary information…)
7) WiFi has become more wide-spread. It is popular amongyoung people. (WiFi is popular amongyoung people…)
8) A netbook acquires more advanced features. It gains its popularity nowadays. (A netbook gains its popularity nowadays…)
Now give your own examples.
Think of any piece of hardware you would like to know more about.
- Find information about its history and inventor(s).
- Share this information with your group.
| 1. anti-virus software
|| антивирусная программа
| 2. data (sing.-datum)
| 3. application (program)
|| прикладная (программа)
| 4. package
(Internet protocol suite набор протоколов Internet)
| 5. word processor
|| текстовый редактор
| 6. source program
|| [sɔ:s] -
|| входная программа
| 7. supervisor program
|| ['su:pəvaɪzə] -
|| управляющая программа
| 8. linkage editor
|| ['lɪŋkɪdʒ] ['edɪtə]
| 9. routine
| 10. object module
|| ['ɒbdʒɪkt] ['mɒdju:l]
|| объектный модуль
| 11. spreadsheet
|| программа обработки электронных таблиц
| 12. compile
|| составлять, компилировать (прогамму)
| 13. compiler
| 14. CPU ( central processing unit)
|| ЦП (центральный процессор)
| 15. load module
|| загрузочный модуль
| 16. mainframe computer
|| ['meɪnfreɪm] -
|| 1. универсальный компьютер
2. компьютер обычных размеров
| 17. compatible (with)
| 18. capability
мн. (потенциальные) возможности
| 19. fetch
| 20. desktop publishing
|| настольное издательство
| 21. developer’s tools
|| инструментарий разработчика
| 22. execute
| 23. convert
|| превращать; переделывать
3.1 How would you describe what computer software is to someone who knows nothing about computers? Work in pairs or small groups.
Now read the description below. Do you like it? Why/Why not?
Software is like a recipe. It contains a list of ingredients (called variables) and a list of directions (called statements) that tell the computer what to do with the variables. The variables can represent numeric data, text, or graphical images.
recipe ['resəpɪ] (n) рецепт (тж. кулинарный)
ingredient [ɪn'ɡri:dɪənt] (n) составная часть, ингредиент
variable ['veərɪəbl] (n) переменная (величина)
statement ['steɪtmənt] (n) формулировка