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The Complex Subject



Verbs and Word Groups The Complex Subject Translation
Verb in the Passive: • sense perception: to see, to hear, to notice • mental activity: to think, to consider, to believe, to expect, to suppose, to know • order and permission: to order, to ask, to offer, to tell, to allow, to let, to encourage, to make • reporting: to say, to report, to announce Pairs of synonyms: to seem/to appear, to happen/to chance, to prove/to turn out Word groups: to be likely, to be unlikely, to be sure/to be certain     An old man was seen to walk and play with AIBO like with a real dog.   Japanese engineers are believed to develop a new model of AIBO every year. to be developing a new model of AIBO now. to have developed AIBO as an electronic friend for old people. A new model of AIBO is believed to be developed every year. AIBO is believed to have been developed as an electronic friend for old people.   The designer was asked to demonstrate the capabilities of the new model of AIBO.     Japanese engineers are reported to develop a new model of AIBO every year. to be developing a new model of AIBO at the moment. to have developed AIBO as an electronic friend for old people. A new model of AIBO is reported to be developed every year. AIBO is reported to have been developed as an electronic friend for old people.   The results of the workdon’t seem to satisfythe researchers. The researchers seemed to be satisfiedwith the results of their work. The two scientists happen to be working on similar projects. A group of first-year studentsturned out to have developed the robot which won the competition. The robot which won the competition turned out to have been developed by a group of first-year students. Electronic pets are not likely to replace real cats and dogs. Real cats and dogsare unlikely to be replacedby electronic pets. Engineers are likely to be developing robots for using in the home. The designersare sureto have createdthe robot in order to test their theory. The robotis certain to have been created in order to test some theory.     Видели, как пожилой человек гулял и играл …     Считается, что японские инженеры конструируют …   … сконструировали …   Считается, что новую модель конструируют …   … был сконструирован …   Разработчика попросили продемонстрировать …   Сообщают, что японские инженеры конструируют …   … сконструировали …   Сообщают, что новую модель конструируют …   … был сконструирован …   Кажется, результаты работы не устраивают … Казалось, исследователи были удовлетворены …   Эти двое ученых случайно работают … Оказалось, что студенты первого курса сконструировали …   Оказалось, что робот был сконструирован …   Электронные домашние любимцы вряд ли заменят … Живых кошек и собак вряд ли заменят ….   Инженеры, вероятно, конструируют …   Конструкторы наверняка создали …   Робот, несомненно, был создан …

 



8.13 Which is right?

1. Robots are supposed to be used/to be using for doing boring or dangerous jobs.

2. Engineers seem to be working/to have worked on new types of robots that will help doctors perform surgical operations.

3. Robots are known to apply/to have been applied in industry for about 50 years.

4. Scientists are expected to develop/to be developed robotic parts of the body for disabled people.

5. The programmer proved to make/to have made a mistake, that is why the robot soldered the wires in the wrong way.

6. People are not likely to do/to have done any manual work at the highly automated factories of the future.

 





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