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ENGLISH FOR SCIENCE



I. Соотнесите слово в колонке А с его определением из колонки В. Запишите свой выбор в колонке С.

 

A B C
1. to compress a) to turn into gas or vapour 1. b
2. propulsion b) to push together in a small space 2.
3. unique c) driving forward 3.
4. valuable d) the only one of its type 4.
5. to evaporate e) to produce, e.g. electricity 5.
6. to generate f) important, worth a lot of money 6.
     
     
7. principle a) substance used for killing insects 7.
8. charge b) the smallest particle of a substance which can exist on its own 8.
9. pressure c) the electricity contained by a body or a battery 9.
10. insecticide d) a law of nature, usually with uses in science or technology 10.
11. thrust e) the force of a substance on another substance 11.
12. molecule f) a pushing force 12.
     
     
13. violent a) substance used for cleaning 13.
14. flood b) small amount of a substance, usually taken for testing 14.
15. sample c) power needed to do work 15.
16. to grind out d) sudden and powerful 16.
17. energy e) to shape by rubbing together 17.
18. detergent f) overflow of water on to land which is usually dry 18.

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19. minute a) slowly, little by little 19.
20. horizontal b) very small 20.
21. organism c) very small pieces 21.
22. particles d) substance which combines with acids to form salts 22.
23. gradually e) flat, level 23.
24. alkali f) any living thing, plant or animal 24.
     
     
25. to create a) path of one body around another 25.
26. theory b) outside of a body or the top of a liquid 26.
27. surface c) idea which explains or tries to explain facts or events 27.
28. to revolve d) waste organic substance, usually from households 28.
29. sewage e) to make, cause 29.
30. orbit f) to go round and round 30.
     
     
31. ancient a) instrument which changes the voltage of a current 31.
32. spectrum b) process of sending out heat, light or X-rays 32.
33. to expand c) very old, belonging to past times 33.
34. transformer d) to grow bigger in volume 34.
35. fall-out e) different colours which light consists of 35.
36. radiation f) radio-active particles in the atmosphere 36.

 



 

II.* Подберите слово к определению в колонке А. Запишите свой выбор в колонке В.

 

29

А В
1. very important 1. vital
2. to bring a ray of light to a fixed point 2.
3. the sort of power that lights our homes 3.
4. half the diameter 4.
5. place where something comes from 5.
6. uncovered 6.
7. a movement of electricity 7.
8. a watercourse 8.
9. flow of electricity, air or sea-water 9.
10. man-made 10.
11. the process of bringing water to dry areas 11.
12. a flat surface 12.
13. the smallest particle of an element, which can take part in a chemical change 13.
14. to change from gas to liquid 14.
15. a natural or artificial moon which revolves around a planet 15.
16. to make things seem bigger 16.
17. to look at very closely and carefully 17.
18. the smallest living unit 18.
19. to clean 19.
20. to make dirty 20.
21. to put down, to leave behind 21.
22. to move out or send out in all directions from a common centre 22.
23. a substance which speeds up a chemical change without changing itself 23.
24. the soil found on the bed of a river 24.
25. wet to touch 25.
26. to build on 26.

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27. to look at something very closely and try to find things about it 27.
28. a river of ice high in the mountains 28.
29. to be made up of 29.
30. to shape, to form 30.
31. connected 31.
32. to remove by the action of water 32.
33. to put to practical use 33.
34. the thing built by man, usually with a special function 34.
35. the usual weather conditions in a certain area 35.
36. borders, limits between areas of land or countries 36.
37. a regular arrangement of molecules in a certain structure 37.
38. oil used for burning 38.
39. movement 39.
40. a sudden flash of light 40.

 

III. Выполните расчеты в колонке А и запишите свой вариант решения в колонку В.

А В
1. Take the square root of 25. Add 10. Divide by 3. Multiply by 2. What is the answer? 1. 10
2. Calculate the length of a rectangle which has an area of 35 cm2 and a width of 5 cm. 2.
3. Calculate the length of the base of a triangle, which has an area of 36 cm2 and a height of 9 cm. 3.
4. Calculate the volume of a rectangular solid with a length of 10 cm, a height of 7 cm and a width of 5 cm. 4.
5. A week ago a cyclist travelled non-stop from Liverpool to London. The distance is 200 miles and the journey took 8 hours. What speed did the cyclist travel at? 5.

 

31

6. Bob’s car does 40 miles per gallon of petrol. A gallon of petrol costs 80 pence. (100p = £1). How much will it cost Bob to get from Liverpool to London and back if the distance between Liverpool and London is 200 miles? 6.
7. Subtract eight from twenty-four. Divide by two. Add two. Multiply by ten. What is the answer? 7.
8. Add six to seven. Multiply by four. Subtract four. Divide by twelve. What is the answer? 8.
9. Yesterday Alan went shopping with $10 in his pocket. He bought a pound of bananas for 70 cents, a loaf of bread for 60 cents and a cake for $1.70. How much money did he have when he got back? 9.
10. Calculate the area of a triangle, which has a length of the base of 6 cm and a height of 8 cm. 10.
11. Divide twenty by four. Multiply by nine. Add thirty-two. Subtract seventeen. What is the answer? 11.
12. Calculate the area of a rectangle, which has a length of 6 cm and a width of 8 cm. 12.
13. Yesterday a car traveled non-stop from Liverpool to London at a speed of 40 mph. The distance is 200 miles. How long did the journey take? 13.
14. Multiply 7 by 4. Add 20. Subtract 6. Divide by 6. What is the answer? 14.
15. Calculate the area of a rectangle which has a length of 9 cm and a width of 4 cm. 15.
16. Yesterday in the morning Jack had $ 5. During the day he bought a kilo of apples for $ 1.4, a sandwich for $ 0.7 and stamps for $ 0.9. How much money did he have in the evening? 16.
17. Multiply eight by eleven. Add twelve. Divide by five. Subtract ten. What is the answer? 17.

 

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18. Calculate the height of a triangle which has a base of 10 cm and an area of 50 cm2. 18.
19. Divide six by three. Subtract one. Add four. Multiply by five. What is the answer? 19.
20. Mike’s car does 25 miles per gallon of petrol. A gallon of petrol costs 70 pence. How much will it cost Mike to cover the distance of 350 miles? 20.
21. Calculate the height of a triangle which has an area of 32 cm2 and a length of the base of 8 cm. 21.
22. Take the square root of 81. Add the square root of 16. Multiply by 12. Divide by 4. What is the answer? 22.
23. Willy’s car does 40 miles per gallon of petrol. A gallon of petrol costs $ 1.2. How much will it cost Willy to cover the distance of 100 miles? 23.
24. Calculate the height of the triangle, which has an area of 35 cm2 and a length of 10 cm. 24.
25. Jack goes shopping with $7.50 in his pocket. He buys a pound of bananas for 70 cents, a loaf of bread for 60 cents and four rump steaks for $2.20. How much money does he have when he gets back? 25.
26. Calculate the length of a box which has a volume of 60 cc, a height of 4 cm and a width of 3 cm. 26.
27. Take the square root of 49. Add the square root of 64. Subtract 5. Multiply by 6. Divide by 20. What is the answer? 27.
28. Divide forty four by eleven. Multiply by five. Add seven. Subtract eight. What is the answer? 28.
29. A circle has a circumference of 21 cm. Calculate the diameter. 29.

 

 

33

30. Calculate the length of a box which has a volume of 96 cc, a height of 4 cm and a width of 3 cm. 30.
31. Multiply seven by four. Add twenty. Subtract six. Divide by six. What is the answer? 31.
32. Take the square root of 4. Add the square root of 81. Multiply by 6. Divide by 3. What is the answer? 32.
33. Calculate the width of a box which has a volume of 144cc, a height of 6 cm and a length of 6 cm. 33.
34. Oil is pumped into a 2,000-gallon tank at a rate of 4 gallons per second. How long does it take to fill the tank? 34.
35. Divide 20 by 5. Multiply by 9. Add 32. What is the answer? 35.
36. Multiply seven by nine. Add nine. Divide by six. Subtract three. What is the answer? 36.
37. Take the square root of 36. Add 14. Multiply by 5. Subtract 1. What is the answer? 37.
38. Take the average of 20, 24, 26 and 30. Multiply by 10. What is the answer? 38.
39. Calculate the width of a rectangle, which has an area of 40 cm2 and a length of 8 cm. 39.
40. Multiply six by eleven. Add fourteen. Divide by twenty. Subtract three. What is the answer? 40.

 

IV. Прочитайте тексты и в каждый пропуск запишите подходящее слово из данных. Обратите внимания, что к каждому тексту даны три лишних слова.

Text А

invented surface expanded depth freezes moulded effect property Glaciers quantity

It is a well-known physical (1) property of water that it (2) __________ at 00C. But what (3) __________ has this property had on the earth’s


(4)__________? Millions of years ago, solid layers of ice (5) __________ the lakes and hills of Europe and North America. (6) __________ formed the bare faces of the Alps. Water froze and (7) __________ in the cracks of big rocks and broke them down into smaller ones.

 

Text В

stored pressure transmitted gradually vital fractional concentrates liquid structure evaporates

Oxygen is (1) __________ to life; it is needed by the body cells of all animals. It is also very useful in industry. It is produced in the following way. Air is put into containers under great (2)__________. This turns it into (3) __________ and makes it very cold. It is then (4) __________ warmed up and each substance (5)__________ at a different temperature. The boiling point of oxygen is – 1830C. It is caught and (6)__________ in strong steel cylinders at a pressure of 136 atmospheres. The process is known as (7) __________ distillation.

 

Text С

unique heat turbine steam expansion jet propulsion rotates source evaporates

A simple (1) __________ engine was built by a Greek scientist, Hero of Alexandria, about 2,000 years ago. So the principle of jet (2) __________ is not a new one! Hero knew that water (3) __________ and expands when it is heated. One cubic centimeter of water produces about twelve cubic centimeters of (4)__________. When water changes into steam, the (5) __________ gives energy to the water molecules. They move in all directions, thus causing (6)__________. This is why compressed steam is a valuable (7) __________ of energy.

 

Text D

signals telescopes orbits increased artificial solar measure attracted sources transmitted

Before the days of (1) __________ satellites and manned space flight, scientists used (2) __________ to obtain information about the planets and stars. Big radio telescopes like the one at Jodrell Bank in England are also valuable (3) __________ of information. They pick up radio (4) __________ from space. Our knowledge has been (5) __________ even more by information (6) __________ by instruments which have been landed on the moon, Mars and Venus. Every satellite, which is sent up is like a small laboratory, packed with instruments to (7) __________ everything from temperature to radiation levels.

 

V. Подберите к началу предложения из колонки А окончание предложения в колонке B. Запишите свой выбор в колонку С:

 

А В С
1. Currents of very cold air a) but also sound, heat and electricity. 1. c
2. Physicists study not only light b) and are cold-blooded. 2.
3. We are slowly poisoning our c) make the water vapour in clouds freeze. 3.
4. Mercury is d) most important natural resource. 4.
5. Reptiles are covered with scales e) highly poisonous. 5.
     
     
6. Lightning is a sudden a) between high and low pressure areas. 6.
7. Oil floats on water and does not b) discharge of electricity. 7.
8. Wind is simply the movement of air c) the heat gives energy to the water molecules. 8.

 

9. Outside the solar system d) dissolve in it. 9.
10. When water changes into steam e) distances are so great that very little has been found out. 10.
     
     
11. Water evaporates and expands a) is needed by plants to make sugars. 11.
12. Big radio telescopes b) which have no backbones. 12.
13. Insects are small animals c) is measured with a barometer. 13.
14. Atmospheric pressure d) when it is heated. 14.
15. Carbon dioxide e) pick up radio signals from space. 15.
     
     
16. Oxygen a) is produced by the evaporation of water and by breathing of living things. 16.
17. Mercury is used as b) is vital to life. 17.
18. Compounds are substances which c) air and their controls are aerodynamic. 18.
19. The moisture in the atmosphere d) consist of two or more elements. 19.
20. Hovercraft ride on a cushion of e) a catalyst in the production of plastics. 20.
     
     
21. Fuel oil a) is a valuable source of energy. 21.
22. Dams are immense structures b) produces forward motion. 22.
23. Compressed steam c) contains sulphur. 23.
24. Air increases in d) which hold back the water of a river. 24.

 

25. Backward thrust e) volume as the temperature rises. 25.
     
     
26. Chemists not only analyze compounds a) before it is pumped back into rivers, seas. 26.
27. Amphibians usually have b) hydro-electric power. 27.
28. Sewage is treated and broken down c) it rises. 28.
29. As water vapour is lighter than air d) but also combine elements to form compounds. 29.
30. Dams are used to produce e) moist skin. 30.
     
     
31. The bigger the difference between the pressures a) than all other chemical compounds together. 31.
32. The rushing water b) consist of only one cell. 32.
33. Action is c) the stronger the wind is. 33.
34. There are more carbon compounds d) drives the turbines. 34.
35. Some living things e) equal to reaction. 35.
     
     
36. When oil is burnt in industry a) an unchanging body temperature. 36.
37. Snowflakes are crystals b) produces about 12 cubic centimeters of steam. 37.
38. A microscope is an instrument c) some poisonous substances are formed. 38.
39. One cubic centimeter of water d) which magnifies very small objects. 39.

 

40. Mammals have e) with a beautiful patterned structure. 40.
     
     
41. Oxygen is needed a) to find their way when land was out of sight. 41.
42. Amphibians are animals b) varies all the time. 42.
43. Ancient sailors used the sun and the stars c) life-giving water to the deserts around. 43.
44. The pressure of the atmosphere d) which live both on land and in water. 44.
45. Irrigation channels bring e) by the body cells of all animals. 45.
     
     
46. Electro-magnets generate a) is like a small laboratory, packed with instruments. 46.
47. Every satellite which is sent up b) with a naturally dry skin. 47.
48. Reptiles are animals c) is very useful in industry. 48.
49. A cubic metre of cold air is heavier than d) the same volume of warm air. 49.
50. Oxygen e) current in coils of wire. 50.

VI. Прочитайте предложения в колонке А и выберите правильный вариант ответа. Запишите свой выбор в колонку В.

 

А В
1. A chemist uses a) a microscope b) a balance c) a prism to weigh some substances. 1. b
2. a) Insects b) Mammals c) Amphibians are small animals which have no backbones. 2.

 

3. It is a well known physical property of water that it a) boils b) evaporates c) freezes at 00C. 3.
4. The silt which is picked up by a river is a) moulded b) deposited c) shaped near its mouth. 4.
5. Atmospheric a) change b) temperature c) pressure is measured with a barometer. 5.
6. Lightning is a sudden a) charge b) discharge c) pressure of electricity from cloud to cloud or from cloud to earth. 6.
7. Air a) increases b) decreases c) condenses in volume as the temperature rises. 7.
8. The a) spark b) moisture c) climate in the atmosphere is produced by the breathing of living things. 8.
9. Nowadays we know when to expect a) radiation b) eclipses c) explosion of the moon and sun. 9.
10. Before the days of artificial a) satellites b) instruments c) radio, scientists used telescopes to obtain information about the planets and stars. 10.
11. Compressed a) water b) heat c) steam is a valuable source of energy. 11.
12. Oxygen is needed by the body a) elements b) cells c) compounds of all animals. 12.
13. Mercury is used as a a) detergent b) catalyst c) waste in the production of plastics. 13.
14. Oil floats on water and does not a) evaporate b) dissolve c) concentrate in it. 14.
15. The electro-magnets generate a) current b) water c) voltage in coils of wire. 15.
16. Carbon a) acid b) chloride c) dioxide is needed by plants to make sugars. 16.
17. Backward a) reaction b) thrust c) propulsion produces forward motion. 17.

 

18. Dams are not only used to produce hydro-electric a) turbine b) electricity c) power. 18.
19. Reptiles are covered with a) lungs b) scales c) seeds and are cold-blooded. 19.
20. A microscope is an instrument which a) magnifies b) solidifies c) preserves very small objects. 20.

 

41
ECONOMICS

 

I Соотнесите следующие английские выражения в колонке А с их русскими эквивалентами в колонке B. Запишите свой выбор в колонке С.

A B C

1) income a) долгосрочный 1. f

2) to satisfy b) доля 2.

3) aim c) удовлетворять 3.

4) partnership d) расходы 4.

5) long-term e) цель 5.

f) доход

g) партнерство

 

A B C

6) share a) цель 6.

7) promotion b) неэффективный 7.

8) spending c) богатство 8.

9) inefficient d) удовлетворять 9.

10) wealth e) содействие 10.

f) доля

g) расходы

 

A B C

11) money payments a) акционер 11.

12) distribution b) страхование 12.

13) stockholder c) долгосрочный 13.

14) ownership d) денежные платежи 14.

15) insurance e) раход 15.

f) распределение

g) собственность


A B C

16) profit a) содействие 16.

17) expense b) прибыль 17.

18) to possess c) поток 18.

19) developing d) развивающийся 19.

20) flow e) расход 20.

f) богатство

g) владеть

 

A B C

21. trade-off a) прибыль 21.

22. advancement b) перераспределять 22.

23. majority c) прогресс, успех 23.

24. gain d) компромисс 24.

25. to redistribute e) большинство 25.

f) ослаблять

g) объем

 

A B C

26. unequal a) предпринимательство 26.

27. entrepreneurship b) допущение 27.

28. benefit c) недостаток 28.

29. assumption d) выгода 29.

30. transaction e) неравный 30.

f) достигать

g) сделка

 

A B C

31. to reach a) благосостояние 31.

32. percentage b) ссуда 32.

33. to undertake c) достигать 33.


34. loan d) расход 34.

35. welfare e) процентное отношение 35.

f) предпринимать

g) прогресс

A B C

36. scarcity a) наличные 36.

37. solvency b) выбор 37.

38. bank rate c) недостаток 38.

39. cash d) оборот 39.

40. real estate e) недвижимость 40.

f) кредитоспособность

g) банковский процент

 

 

II. Соотнесите слово в колонке A с его определением из колонки B. Запишите свой выбор в колонке С.

A B С

1. trade-off a) any situation where goods and 1. b

services are exchanged freely

2. export b) sacrifice of one item for another 2.

3. capital resources c) money and goods that are used 3.

to produce consumer products

4. market d) goods taken out from the country 4.

5. private property e) goods that are owned by individuals 5.

and by businesses

 

A B С

6. contract a) items provided by nature and used 6.

to produce goods

7. needs b) the cost of sacrifice 7.


8. natural resources c) money used in the country 8.

9. opportunity cost d) agreement of individuals to buy and 9.

sell goods and services

10. currency e) goods and services necessary for survival 10.

 

A B С

11. demand a) looking to the past for the answers 11.

12. traditional b) business that is owned and 12.

controlled by one person

13. profit c) amount of a good or service a 13.

consumer is willing and able to buy

14. sole d) the amount of money that remains after 14.

proprietorship all costs of production have been paid

15. international e) a voluntary exchange of goods and 15.

trade services among people in different nations

 

 

A B С

16. franchise a) the difference between the value of a 16.

nation’s imports and its exports

17. consumer b) the study of the choices people make in 17.

an effort to satisfy their needs and wants

18. the balance c) goods that are owned by individuals or 18.

of trade businesses, rather than by the government

19. private property d) a contract in which a company agrees to 19.

let another person or group start a business

using its name to sell goods or services

20. economics e) a person who buys products 20.

 


A B С

21. corporation a) a physical object that can be purchased 21.

22. technology b) an action or activity done for others for a fee 22.

23. good c) the certificate of ownership in a corporation 23.

24. stock d) the use of science to create new products or 24.

more efficient ways to produce products

25. service e) a business organization that is treated by law 25.

as if it were a person

 

III. Подберите к началу предложения из колонки А окончание предложения в колонке B. Запишите свой выбор в колонке С.

A B С

1. Most choices, however a) the answers to the three basic 1. c

questions.

2. Self-interest is the force b) is considered a human resource. 2.

3. A traditional economy looks c) involve more or two trade-offs. 3.

to the past for

4. Anyone who works d) that directs the action of individuals 4.

and businesses in the market system.

5. Many of the poorer, less e) receive economic assistance from 5.

industrialized nations, often a variety of sources.

called developing nations,

 

A B С

6. Choosing among alternative a) help individuals, businesses, and 6.

uses for available resources governments exchange foreign

currencies.

7. A mixed economy combines b) to increase production of a good or 7.

elements of service.

8. Foreign exchange markets c) do not remain constant. 8.


 

9. In the real world, technology d) forces people to make sacrifices. 9.

and the other factors of

production

10. Higher sales and higher prices e) the pure-market and the pure 10.

are signals to producers -command economic models.

 

A B С

11. A production possibilities a) the economic systems of all the 11.

curve shows all of the nations of the world.

possible combinations of

goods and services

12. Interdependence links b) products are called capital resources. 12.

13. The money and capital c) the poorer, less industrialized 13.

goods used to produce countries of the world.

14. ‘Developing nations’ is the d) of their private property as they 14.

term given choose.

15. Property owners are free to e) that can be produced within a stated 15.

use or dispose time period.

 

A B C
16. A franchise is a contract in which a company agrees to a) by establishing laws and rules that individuals and businesses must follow. 16.
17. A pure command economy relies on officials b) to protect its members from poverty, business and bank failures. 17.
18. The government regulates the economy c) arise because different groups in the nation have different needs. 18.
19. The goal of economic security refers to a nation’s efforts d) let another person or group start a business using its name to sell goods or services. 19.

 

20. Even at a single point in history, conflicts among goals e) in the government to answer the three basic economic questions. 20.

 

A B C
21. The money payments that households receive from business firms and a) efforts to make the best use of scarce resources. 21.
22. Combinations that lie inside the curve b) efforts to increase the amount of goods and services each worker in the economy can produce. 22.
23. The goal of economic efficiency refers to c) represent the inefficient use of existing resources. 23.
24. The goal of economic growth refers to d) who live in the same residence. 24.
25. By households, economists mean all persons e) the government in exchange for the households’ resources are called income. 25.

 

 


 

TOURISM

 

I. Соотнесите следующие английские выражения в колонке А с их русскими эквивалентами в колонке B. Запишите свой выбор в колонке С.

A B C

21) departure lounge a) зал ожидания 1. a

22) track b) купе 2.

23) berth c) взлет 3.

24) schedule d) путь 4.

25) booking-office e) полка (в вагоне) 5.

f) касса

g) расписание

A B C

26) compartment a) ремень безопасности 6.

27) hand luggage b) взлет 7.

28) take off c) взлетно-посадочная полоса 8.

29) seat belt d) путь 9.

30) runway e) купе 10.

f) расписание

g) ручной багаж

A B C

11. destination a) отпускник 11.

12. fare b) брать плату за что-либо 12.

13. to charge for smth. c) пункт назначения 13.

14. holiday maker d) купе (в поезде) 14.

15. to tip e) плата за проезд 15.

f) давать на чай

g) носильщик


A B C

16. reservation a) официант 16.

17. porter b) приземляться 17.

18. single room c) бронь 18.

19. service d) обслуживание 19.

20. waiter e) совершать частые поездки 20.

f) комната для одного человека

g) носильщик

 

A B C

21. bill a) аэровокзал 21.

22. seaside resort b) пункт назначения 22.

23. to land c) морской курорт 23.

24. destination d) справочное бюро 24.

25. inquiry office e) удобства 25.

f) счет

g) приземляться

 

A B C

26. commute a) арендовать 26.

27. sightseeing b) обслуживание 27.

28. to book c) совершать частые поездки 28.

29. to rent d) таможня 29.

30. customs e) плата за проезд 30.

f) заказывать

g) осмотр достопримечательностей

II. Соотнесите слово в колонке A с его определением из колонки B. Запишите свой выбор в колонке С.


A B С





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