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International relations, diplomacy

Glossary on politics



Elections. 2

International relations, diplomacy. 5

Talking about politicians. 8



To elect to choose someone for an official position by voting Избирать
A successor /səkˈsɛsə/ a person or thing that succeeds another Преемник
Five year term A term that sb serves Пятилетний срок
To hold general elections To organize the process of election Проводить всеобщие выборы
Under new rules To follow the new rules По новым правилам
To rule the country exercise ultimate power or authority over (an area and its people) Управлять страной
Eligible to run /ˈɛlɪdʒɪb(ə)l/ having the right to be elected Имеющий право избираться
Elections for the parliament a formal and organized choice by vote of a person for a parliament Выборы в парламент
To win seats To become a member of the parliament Получить места в парламенте
To be knocked out of the race defeat a competitor in a knockout competition Сойти с дистанции
Voting a formal indication of a choice between two or more candidates or courses of action, expressed typically through a ballot or a show of hands Голосование
An opinion poll an assessment of public opinion by questioning a representative sample, especially as the basis for forecasting the results of voting Опрос общественного мнения
To enjoy a lead to have an advantage over smb Иметь преимущество
Undecided voters The voters that have not decided for which candidate to vote for Не принявшие решение избиратели
10 percentage points To have more votes than other candidate Опережать на 10 процентов
To make up a quarter of electorate To be the ¼ part of an electorate Составлять четверть электората
To win the majority To get the biggest number of votes Получить большинство голосов
Turnout the number of people attending or taking part in an event, especially the number of people voting in an election Явка на избирательные участки
The failed elections to lose the election Несостоявшиеся выборы
The preliminary count /prɪˈlɪmɪn(ə)ri/ preceding or done in preparation for something fuller or more important Предварительные подсчеты
Rival a person or thing competing with another for the same objective or for superiority in the same field of activity Соперник
The acting president temporarily doing the duties of another person Действующий президент
Electoral law A law relating to elections or electors Закон о выборах
Presidential poll the process of voting in an election for the president Выборы президента
To stand close in the polls To get an almost equal number of votes Набрать почти равное количество голосов
Outcome The final result итог
5 percent threshold The minimum number of votes 5-процентный барьер
To ensure stable majority make certain that stable majority will occur or be the case Обеспечивать стабильное большинство
To cast ballots To vote for Отдавать голос
To lose the election To fail at the elections Проиграть выборы
To win the election To get the biggest number of votes at an election Выиграть выборы
To lose by small margins To win the elections with not a big difference in the number of votes Проиграть с маленьким перевесом голосов
To lose by large margins To fail at the elections with a big difference in the number of votes Проиграть с большим перевесом голосов
The newly elected president The new president, who won an elections Новоизбранный президент
To take…percent of the vote To get…percent of the vote Получить … процентов голосов
To be ahead of sb To be in the lead Опережать кого-либо
To come in second To be the second at an election, to get less number of votes than the candidate, who won it Быть вторым
To take a lead To be the first in a compitition лидировать
Call an election fix a date or time for (a meeting, strike, or election) Назначить выборы
Stand for election support (a cause or principle) Выдвигать кандидатуру
Polling day the day of a local or general election День выборов
Secret ballot Secret voting Тайное голосование
Constituent /kənˈstɪtjʊənt/ being a voting member of an organization and having the power to appoint or elect Избиратель
Constituency /kənˈstɪtjʊənsi/ a group of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body Избирательный округ
Polling station a building, such as a school or community centre, where voting takes place during an election Избирательный участок
By-election the election of an MP in a single constituency to fill a vacancy arising during a government’s term of office Дополнительное голосование
Campaign an organized course of action to achieve a goal Кампания
A hung parliament occurs when neither major political party (or bloc of allied parties) has an absolute majority of seats in the parliament (legislature) «подвешенный парламент» (в котором ни одна из партий не набрала подавляющего большинства)
First past-the-post system A name for the electoral system in which the person winning the most votes in a constituency is elected. Отдающий победу кандидату, набравшему большинство голосов (об избирательной системе)
Landslide victory an overwhelming majority of votes for one party or candidate in an election Полная победа на выборах
Surgery /ˈsəːdʒ(ə)ri/ an occasion on which an MP, lawyer, or other professional person gives advice Общественная приемная
In state-primary contest preliminary result of an election По предварительным итогам
To go into effect To become powerful Вступать в силу

International relations, diplomacy

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