Match the diseases with their symptoms
3. What does the doctor or nurse use the following things for?
Example: stethoscope for listening to a patient's chest.
4. Look at the above mentioned statements. Which do you think the doctor said to each of the following patients?
Complete the following table.
What medical problems might you have if...
7. Think of some of the illnesses you (or members of your family or friends) have had. What were the symptoms and what did the doctor prescribe?
Follow-up: Look at the health page of a magazine or newspaper. Make a note of any new vocabulary on the theme that you find there. Look in your medicine cabinet at home, at or work. Can you name everything that you find there?
Health: illness and disease
A. Common problems
Note: For these illnesses, you can either buy something from the chemist, or go to your doctor, who may give you a prescription (= a piece of paper with an order for some medicine) that you get from the chemist.
B. Aches and pains
Nouns: We only use ache with the following: I've got toothache (U), a stomach-ache, backache (U), earache (U) and a headache. For other parts of the body we use pain, e.g. I woke up in the night with a terrible pain in my chest.
Verbs: You can use ache for some things, e.g. my back aches; but hurt is more common to describe real pain, and it can be used with or without a direct object:
She hurt her foot when she jumped off the bus and fell over, (also injured here) or
She hurt herself when she jumped off the bus and fell over.
I hit my leg against the table and it really hurts. (= gives me a terrible pain)
Adjectives: The only common adjective is painful (≠ painless):
I had an injection yesterday and it was very painful.
A: Did it hurt when you had your filling? (= when the dentist fills a hole/cavity in the tooth) .
B: No, it was painless