Match the diseases with their symptoms

1. flu swollen glands in front of ear, earache or pain on eating
2. pneumonia burning pain in abdomen, pain or nausea after eating
3. rheumatism rash starting on body, slightly raised temperature
4. chickenpox dry cough, high fever, chest pain, rapid breathing
5. mumps headache, aching muscles, fever, cough, sneezing
6. an ulcer swollen, painful joints, stiffness, limited movement

3. What does the doctor or nurse use the following things for?

Example: stethoscope for listening to a patient's chest.

1 thermometer 2 scales 3 tape measure 4 scalpel

4. Look at the above mentioned statements. Which do you think the doctor said to each of the following patients?

1. Anne with bad sunburn. 5. Jo who's broken her leg.
2. John who's off to the Tropics. 6. Paul with flu.
3. Liz with a bad cough. 7. Sam who needs his appendix out.
4. Rose suffering from exhaustion. 8. Alf who's sprained his wrist.



Complete the following table.



noun adjective verb
ache treatment

What medical problems might you have if...

1. you wear shoes that rub? 7. you eat too fast?
2. you smoke a lot? 8. you play football?
3. you go skiing? 9. you stay too long in the sun?
4. you eat food you're allergic to? 10. you run unusually fast for a bus?
5. you eat food that is bad? 11. a mosquito bites you?
6. you get wet on a cold day? 12. you think you're ill all the time?

7. Think of some of the illnesses you (or members of your family or friends) have had. What were the symptoms and what did the doctor prescribe?

Follow-up: Look at the health page of a magazine or newspaper. Make a note of any new vocabulary on the theme that you find there. Look in your medicine cabinet at home, at or work. Can you name everything that you find there?



Health: illness and disease

A. Common problems

She's sneezing. She's coughing. She's got a a sore throat. She's blowing her nose She's got a temperature.  
What's the matter?     I've got a cold     I've got flu (U) (more serious than a cold)     I've got hay fever (U)   How do you know? (the symptoms)   a sore throat, sneezing, a cough   symptoms for a cold + aching muscles and a temperature, e.g. 39.5   sneezing, runny nose, sore eyes   Cause of illness     a virus     a virus    
    allergic reaction to pollen from grass   often food, or a virus   many e.g. food, alcohol     too much alcohol  
I've got diarrhoea (U)   I feel sick     I've got a hangover     I keep going to the toilet   I want to vomit (= be sick)   headache, feeling sick  

Note: For these illnesses, you can either buy something from the chemist, or go to your doctor, who may give you a prescription (= a piece of paper with an order for some medicine) that you get from the chemist.



B. Aches and pains

Nouns: We only use ache with the following: I've got toothache (U), a stomach-ache, backache (U), earache (U) and a headache. For other parts of the body we use pain, e.g. I woke up in the night with a terrible pain in my chest.

Verbs: You can use ache for some things, e.g. my back aches; but hurt is more common to describe real pain, and it can be used with or without a direct object:

She hurt her foot when she jumped off the bus and fell over, (also injured here) or

She hurt herself when she jumped off the bus and fell over.

I hit my leg against the table and it really hurts. (= gives me a terrible pain)

Adjectives: The only common adjective is painful (≠ painless):

I had an injection yesterday and it was very painful.

A: Did it hurt when you had your filling? (= when the dentist fills a hole/cavity in the tooth) .

B: No, it was painless

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