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Translate the following phrasal verbs and verb-preposition collocations for health and illness



 

I'm fighting off a cold at the moment. (trying to get rid of).

Marge isn't in today; she's gone down with flu. (has caught, usually a non-serious illness).

I won't be going today. I've come down with a dreadful cold. (with I we say come down not go down)

I had a virus last week, but I got over it quite quickly. (got better/recovered)

My sister's recovering from a major operation. (getting better: used for more serious illnesses)

Harry suffers from hay fever and sneezes a lot if he is near grass or flowers. (used for more long-term problems)

He died of / from lung cancer. (Not: He died with lung cancer.)

& 14. Read the text below and find words in the text which mean

the following:

 

1. doctor who looks after people's general health: GP means general practitioner

2. choose private healthcare

3. large centre with several doctors and kinds of services

4. general expression for all of the services offered by hospitals, clinics, dentists, opticians, etc.

5. tax paid by most adults which covers the costs of healthcare for everyone

6. British name for the service that covers hospitals, clinics, dentists, etc

7. charge for the medication the doctor prescribes, which you pay at a pharmacy

8. small centre with just two or three doctors

 

“In Britain, healthcare is paid for through taxes and national insurance payments taken directly from wages and salaries. The government decides how much will be spent on the National Health Service, but a lot of people feel they do not spend enough. Hospital treatment and visits to a family doctor (or GP) at a surgery or clinic are free, but there is a prescription charge. Dentists and opticians charge fees. Private healthcare is available and a large number of insurance schemes exist to enable people to 'go private'.

 

? 15. Translate into English:

лікуватись приватно; державне страхування; плата за прописані ліки; державна служба охорони здоров’я; аптека, ліки; сімейний лікар.

 

16. Learn the following:

Here are some serious illnesses, with the word-stress underlined. Make sure you know the stress-pattern when learning longer words or phrases. It is a good idea to make a note of it.

diabetes: disease where the body does not properly absorb sugar and starch

bronchitis: inflammation in the breathing system, causing you to cough

heart disease: serious illness connected with the heart which can lead to a heart attack

skin cancer / lung cancer / breast cancer: harmful tumours in those areas

TB (or tuberculosis): infectious disease in the lungs



cholera: an intestinal disease that can be caused by bad drinking water

hepatitis: inflammation of the liver

typhoid:fever, with red spots on the chest and abdomen

heart attack/failure: when the heart fails

 

17. Which is the odd one out in each group, in terms of the main word stress? Use a dictionary if you are not sure about the words.

 

Example : tablets medicine prescription (answer: prescription; stress on second syllable)

 

1 diabetes bronchitis cholera

2 heart attack sore throat lung cancer

3 hepatitis typhoid tuberculosis

4 illness disease sickness

5 consultant doctor surgeon

6 hospital ambulance transfusion

7 heart disease surgery TB

 

18. Which of these collocations are normal, and which are not normal?





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