Sleep (V. Evans, p. 30)
Listen to the dialogue, put stress-tone marks. Practice reading and reciting the dialogue. (Headway, p.39)
Find sentences with the High Fall and the Fall-Rise. How are they different from the others?
A How are Judith and Timothy Thorpe’s triplets?
BThose three? Well… both Heather and Cathy are very healthy, but I think they’re having rather a lot of trouble with Matthew.
AWith Matthew? What’s the matter with Matthew?
B Teething troubles, I think, and then he won’t eat anything.
A Teething troubles? But how old are the triplets now?
BI think they’re about thirteen months.
A Thirteen months? Oh, I thought they were a lot younger than that.
BNo, they must be thirteen months because it was their first birthday at the end of last month – on the thirtieth… or was it the thirty-first?
AOh, dear, and I didn’t send them anything, not even a birthday card… I wonder what Judith and Timothy thought?
B Don’t distress yourself, dear, they didn’t say anything to me…
2. Listen to the dialogue; find sentences with the Sliding and Scandent scales and define their type.
Pay attention to the sentences with the Fall-Riseand the Rise-Fall. How do they sound? Transcribe the sentences in bold and draw tonograms to them. Learn the dialogue by heart.
Nursing a Sick Husband
3. Read the following passage, translate it and lay stress-tone marks according to the rules. Use the High Fall, the Fall-Rise and the High Rise where possible. Practice reading it about 10 times as fast as you can.
Sleep (V. Evans, p. 30)
Scientists continually offer new interpretations and make new discoveries about the condition known as “sleep”. People are paid to sleep with various machines attached to them. These monitor changes in eye movement, heartbeat and body temperature, among other things. This information is fed into a computer and, after a few calculations, the scientist can establish the depth and quality of sleep. It is still unclear how successful these experiments are in establishing exactly what goes on between losing consciousness and awakening. However, one’s behavior the following day is dependent upon how satisfactory the previous night’s sleep was.
4. Listen to the dialogue, put stress-tone marks on the second part of it. What nuclear tones are used in this dialogue most of all? How do they sound? Practice reading and then learn the dialogue by heart.
A Visit to the Doctor
5. Read and translate the following text. Use your own intonation patterns with the Rise-Fall where possible. Lay stress-tone marks according to the rules and practice reading it. Transcribe the words in bold.
The Benefits of Exercise (V. Evans, p. 75)
Working full-time can be a very stressful experience for most people; long hours and the pressure to be successful in a competitive society both contribute to the build-up of anxiety. If you are feeling nervous, there’s no better way to relax than to exercise. However, many people return to work too exhausted to move. People are criticized for being lazy and inactive, and for watching too much television which is not beneficial to our health. Taking regular exercise can be both relaxing and pleasant and people who feel healthy often also feel more confident. You don’t need to be especially energetic to take up a sport; simply choose one that is suitable to your character.
6. Listen to the dialogue. Fill in the gaps with the missing pronouns and verbs. Find sentences where the High Fall is used. What additional meanings does it give these sentences? (Headway, p. 8) Practice the dialogue with a partner.
A Anyway, I suppose ___ heard about Mark and Sonia?
B No, what?
A Oh, ___ know? ___ emigrating to New Zealand.
B Really? How come?
A I think ___ having a lot of problems lately – you knew their house ___ burgled last year, while ___ asleep in bed?
B No, ___ actually… how awful!
A Yeah, and Sonia ___ suffering with her nerves ever since, ___ even off work for a while, I think.
B Oh no, I had no idea.
A And now apparently, Mark ___ made redundant from his job!
B The poor things!
A I know… so that’s why ___ decided to make a fresh start in New Zealand. I think Mark ___ paid quite a lot of redundancy money, so ___ going to start up their own business.
B Oh… well I hope it works out for them. ___ know when ___ leaving?
A ___ know but I think ___ going before the end of the month.
B Oh, right – ___ give them a call to wish them all the best.
A Yes, ___ sure ___ appreciate that.
Read the following dialogues with your own intonation laying stress-tone marks according to the rules. Use the High Fall, the High Rise, the Rise-Fall and the Fall-Rise in the dialogues. Explain, what meanings these nuclear tones convey.
8. Read the text below. Transcribe the words in bold. Imagine that you are a doctor, and your partner is a hypochondriac. Make up and present your own dialogue in a role-play using the words in bold. Make your speech emotional by using the High Fall, the High Rise, the Rise-Fallandthe Fall-Rise.
Hypochondriacs (V. Evans, p. 105)
There are people who spend years suffering from an illness which doctors are not usually sympathetic towards. Hypochondria is a medical term which describes a highly abnormal level of worry about health. Sufferers regularly visit their doctors with complaints of serious symptoms which doctors cannot explain.
Hypochondriacs are always pessimistic about their health and often imagine that they are suffering from dangerous or incurable diseases. They waste the valuable time of doctors when really they are perfectly healthy. Sufferers can be also taught to control their anxiety through relaxation techniques.
9. Read and make a poetic translation of this poem into Ukrainian or Russian. Learn the poem by heart.
Leisure(Êàðíåâñêàÿ, ñ. 272)
By W.H. Davies
What is this life, if full of care,
We have no time to stand and stare!
No time to stand beneath the boughs,
And stare as long as sheep and cows.
No time to see, when woods we pass,
Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass.
No time to see in broad daylight
Streams full of stars like skies at night.
No time to turn at Beauty’s glance,
And watch her feet, how they can dance.
No time to wait till her mouth can
Enrich that smile her eyes began.
A poor life this if, full of care,
We have no time to stand and stare.