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Answer the questions ?

1. What is the silicon valley in Northern California?

2. What was Robert Noyce?

3. Who founded Intel?

4. What is the heart of the computer?

5. Who first introduced the personal computer?



Computers Catch Criminals

Chief Inspector Harston talks about ways in which computers can help the police fight crime. Members of the public often think of detective work as fast and exciting when most of It is slow and boring.

For example a detective on a stolen car case may have to check through long lists of information, and in the time it takes him to do this the thief may well escape. With the new National Police Computer we are now able to find out details of car ownership and driving licenses in a fraction of the time it takes by traditional methods. We are also developing systems of storing fingerprint information in computers and even information about people's appearance. It's possible to work out codes for visual details and to link a computer with a videotape recorder (VTR). Then, instead of looking through books of photographs we'll be able to ask the computer to sort out the right ones, and see photographs of suspects flashed across a VTR screen. In police work speed is often essential, so computers are ideal for helping us catch criminals. The only problem is that we now have a new kind of criminal — the very-clever man who knows how to make huge sums of money by cheating a computer, and he is very difficult indeed to catch.


Answer the questions ?

1. What do the public often think of detective work ?

2. How can National Police Computer help the police?

3. What information can computer store


Famous Computer Companies

Apple Inc

Apple Inc is an American multinational corporation designing and manufacturing consumer electronics and software products.

Apple was founded in 1976 by Steve jobs and Steve Wosniak to sell the Apple I personal computer kit. They were hand - built by Wozniak and first shown at the Company Club.

Now, the company operates more than 200 retail stores in seven countries and an online store where hardware and software products are sold. Apple has about 28000 employees worldwide and had worldwide annual sales of $24 billion in its fiscal year ending September 2007.

Apple has a unique reputation in the consumer electronics industry, it is the most admired company in the United States.


Hewlett - Packard

The Hewlett - Packard Company is an information technology corporation based in Palo Alto, California, United States. It is the largest technology company in the world and operates in nearly every country. HP specializes in building personal computers, notebook computers, server, printers, networking products, software.

The Company was founded in 1939 by William Hewlett and David Packard electric engineers from Stanford University.

Now it is the largest worldwide seller of personal computers.

In 2002 HP merged with Compaq and became a main player in desktops, laptops and servers for many different markets.


Intel Corporation.

Intel Corporation is the world's largest semiconductor company and the inventor of the x86 series of microprocessors, the processors of most Integrated Electronics Corporations and based in Santa Clara, California, USA. It was founded by semiconductor pioneers Robert Nayce and Gordon Moore. Intel also makes motherboard chipsets, flash; memory, graphic chips and other
devices related to computing. During the 1990s, Intel invested heavily in new microprocessor
designs and infostering the rapid growth of the PC industry. Intel became the dominant supplier of
microprocessors for PCs.




International Business Machines Corporation is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation based in New York, United States. The company is one of the few information technology companies with a continuous history dating back to the 19-th century

The company which became IBM was founded in 1896 as the Tabulating Machine Company by Herman Hollerien IBM manufactures and sells computer hard ware and software and offers hosting services end consults services. As the world's largest computer company it has over 388,000 employees worldwide.

It has engineers and consultants in over 170 countries IBM empires have earned three Nobel Prizes, five National Medals of Technology end five National Medals of Science. .And in 2007 IBM ranked second in the list of largest software companies in the world.

Microsoft Corporation

Microsoft is an American multinational computer technology corporation. PaulAllen and Bill Gates founded the Company in 1975. It rose to dominate the home operating system market with MS_DOS in the mid -1980s, followed by the Windows line of operating systems. It develops manufactures and supports software products for computing devices. Microsoft's best- selling products are the Microsoft Windows operating system and the Microsoft Office programs. Bill Gates remained the company's chairman and the head of the Board of Directors. The Microsoft Company controls 85% of the entire PC software industry Microsoft is no doubt the fastest growing company in the PC software industry.




Asus is a Taiwan-based multinational company that produces motherboards, notebook computers and sewers, networking products, computer components and computer cooling systems. It is listed on both the London Stock Exchange and the Taiwan stock Exchange.

Asus was founded in 1989 in Taiwan by 4 computer engineers. The name Asus originated from, Pegasus, the winged horse of Greek mythology. The first three letters of the word were dropped to give the name a high position in alphabetical listings.


Asus was founded in 1989 in Taiwan by 4 computer engineers. The name Asus originated from, Pegasus, the winged horse of Greek mythology. The first three letters of the word were dropped to give the name a high position in alphabetical listings.


Answer the questions:

What is the largest worldwide seller of personal computers? (HP) What company produces computer hardware and software?(IBM) What is the dominant supplier of microprocessors for PCs?(lntel) What are Microsoft best selling products?(The Microsoft Windows operating

system is the best selling) What is the most popular computer company in the USA?(Apple) What is the most popular company in our country?


Writing E-mail Messages

Many companies send messages both internally and externally through their computers. These messages are called e mail (or email)or electronic mail. E-mail is a fast and inexpensive way to communi­cate and a less formal method of correspondence. The language is more spoken than in a letter. But be careful that your messages still respect the formality of a professional relationship.

The way you start shouldn't be too formal. You may not use Mr. or Ms.

The usual endings are:

Yours sincerely/yours faithfully' (for formal e-mail) 'Best wishes/Best regards/All the best/Best' (for informal/chatty) Your message should be short, polite and informative. Use plain English.

Do not send inappropriate e-mail messages.

You shouldn't send an e-mail all in capital letters. It's like SHOUTINC in someone's ear.

You don't have to use the abbreviations. But some people use them for fun writing their friends. For example:

'RUOK' means 'Are you OK?'

'AFAIK' — 'As far as I know'

'CU L8ER 2NITE' — 'See you later tonight' .

'TIA' — 'Thanks in advance'.


How to read an e-mail address? Example: leif@intra.se leif at intra dot s e v


Practise reading e-mail addresses: flo@perry.uk

timsmith@superpic.co.uk .



Ex. 7. Look at the e-mail messages and find out the examples of:

—e-mail addresses


—the purpose of each message

Subject: Intra Information 1 FROM: Ieif@intra.se TO: Andy Snales, snales@compuserve.com Date: 27/5/03 09:21 Re: Intra information Hi! We'll send the equipment today, Thursday. Best regards Leif leif@intra.se Tel 018-56 : 0 00 Fax 018-564010 http://www.intra.se




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