Consists in the reduction of a word to one of its parts
1) The first part is left (the commonest type)
2) The second part is left
3) A middle part is left
Accepted by the speakers of the language clipping can acquire grammatical categories (used in plural forms)
Is blending part of two words to form one word (merging into one word)
- addictive type: they are transformable into a phrase consisting of two words combined by a conjunction “and”
- blending of restrictive type: transformable into an attributive phrase, where the first element serves as modifier of a second.
A word or word combination that appears or especially coined by some author. But it doesn’t name a new object or doesn’t express a new concept
“I am English & my Englishness is in my vision” (Lawrence)
The modal verbs are:-
CAN / COULD / MAY / MIGHT / MUST /SHALL / SHOULD / OUGHT TO / WILL /WOULD
The verb used to, which is explained here, can also be used like a modal verb.
2. Sequence of Tenses ( Reported speech)
3. Practical task
It's difficult to imagine our life without shops. Every day we do shopping. There are different kinds of shops. They are butcher's, baker's greengrocer's where we buy meat, bread, different fruit and vegetables or clothing shops where different clothes can be bought. Nowadays supermarkets and department stores are becoming more popular where people can reserve time and find a necessary good. Some people go to the market. As for me I prefer going to the market because I am a poor student but I have many friends who prefer the department store to a market. I'd like to tell you about my neighbour. He prefers Department store in Kostroma. Where there are many departments in it. The shop sells all kinds of goods for both men and women and it has many departments. In every department there is a good selection of goods. It takes a little time to buy a necessary thing. So all this goods are of good quality and so they are very expensive. My friend adores doing shopping in the department store. As for me I dislike this shop. The service is much to desired. I think that shop assistant must help to choose good things because I have no much money I have to go to the market. On one hand market goods are cheaper on the other hand I am not sure in their quality. To tell the truth I don't like to go shopping. My mother or grandmother do shopping in my family. They do their shopping at the market because meals are always fresh and not expensive here. They buy al necessary food. But sometimes I have go to the shop if my relatives are very busy. I take a bag and go to the nearby shop. Advertisements play a very important role in our life. They often help me to make my choice. At first I read advertisements in newspapers or watch them on TV and then go to the shop. To my mind advertisements are of good adviser. We can discuss this topic very long because shops are essential part of our life.
2. Reported Speech / Indirect Speech