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Practice. Write your answers on a piece of paper. Then look below for the correct verb choices

  1. "I will be ready by 10:00" She said that she ______ be ready by 10:00.
  2. "The mail isn't here yet." He said that the mail ________here yet.
  3. "They have lived here 10 years." Bill said they _________here 10 years.
  4. "Is it going to rain today?" She asked if it _____________ to rain today.
  5. "Joe knows a lot of people." He said that Joe ________ a lot of people.
  6. "Can you play the guitar?" She asked me if I _________play the guitar.

Answers: 1. would; 2. wasn't; 3. had lived; 4. was going; 5. knew; 6. could

Indirect speech for a question usually uses "if" or "whether" in the sentence. Notice that #4 and #6 are not written with a question mark. That's because the speaker is describing the question, not asking it.

Card 20

1. Meals

2. The construction “to be going to…”

3. Practical task

1. Meals (Еда)

There are four meals a day in an English home: breakfast, lunch, tea, and dinner.Breakfast is the first meal of the day. It is at about 8 o'clock in the morning, and consists of porridge with milk and salt or sugar, eggs – boiled or fried, bread and butter with marmalade or jam. Some people like to drink tea, but others prefer coffee. Instead of porridge they may have fruit juice, or they may prefer biscuits.The usual time for lunch is 1 o'clock. This meal starts with soup or fruit juice. Then follows some meat or poultry with potatoes – boiled or fried, carrots and beans. Then a pudding comes. Instead of the pudding they may prefer cheese and biscuits. Last of all coffee – black or white. Englishmen often drink something at lunch. Water is usually on the table. Some prefer juice or lemonade.Tea is the third meal of the day. It is between 4 or 5 o'clock, the so-called 5 o'clock tea. On the table there is tea, milk or cream, sugar, bread and butter, cakes and jam. Friends and visitors are often present at tea.Dinner is the fourth meal of the day. The usual time is about 7 o'clock, and all the members of the family sit down together. Dinner usually consists of soup, fish or meat with vegetables – potatoes, green beans, carrot and cabbage, sweet pudding, fruit salad, ice-cream or cheese and biscuits. Then after a talk they have black or white coffee.

This is the order of meals among English families. But the greater part of the people in the towns, and nearly all country-people, have dinner in the middle of the day instead of lunch. They have tea a little later – between 5 and 6 o'clock, and then in the evening, before going to bed, they have supper.So the four meals of the day are either breakfast, dinner, tea, supper; or breakfast, lunch, tea, dinner.

2. The most used future form in English is to be going to + verb.

I'm going to eat pizza tomorrow.

They're going to play tennis next Saturday.

Look at the construction:

Subject to be going to base form of verb  
We are going to have a party next week.
She is going to visit her mother tonight.
They are going to listen to some live music next Saturday.

Note that going to has nothing to do with the verb to go, it is simply the future form of the verb which follows it.

As always with the verb to be, when we make a question we invert the verb to be and the subject.

You are going to watch television tonight. (affirmation).
Are you going to watch television tonight (question).

It's the same rule when we add a question word:

What time are you going to watch television?
When are they going to meet us?
How are you going to travel to Scotland?

When we use the verbs to go or to come, we generally don't use going to before the main verb:

I'm going to school early tomorrow.
What time are you coming here?

If you use going to for the future in English, it is usually okay. Try to avoid will as much as possible- it is one of the most over-used words used by non-native speakers.

Card 21

1. Books in our life

2. The Indefinite and quantitative pronouns

3. Practical task

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