IV. Writing comprehension task
Politeness Strategies. (Items 1-8)
One of the typical politeness strategies in English is softening orders, requests, critical opinions, etc., by asking a question instead of making an imperative sentence or a statement. Match the questions on the left with their communicative functions on the right. There is one extra function which you don’t have to use.
Listen to the radioprogram and do the task below.
THE WORDS AND THEIR STORIES
The word ‘hot’
publicly-disputed issues – òåìè, ùî îáãîâîðþþòüñÿ ó ñóñï³ëüñòâ³
military forces – âîºíí³ ñèëè
VOA = The Voice of America
Mark (+) if the answer is true and (-) if the answer is false.
1. There are different expressions which are made with the word ‘hot’ in English.
2. The expression ‘hot potato’ can be used in the description of the weather.
3. The expression ‘hot potato’ means publicly-disputed issues.
4. Calling higher taxes means that a politician will be improved at his work.
5. The expression ‘not so hot’ means that either something was organized well or somebody feels very happy.
6. An expression ‘a hot shot’ means a person who can do anything.
7. The expression ‘a hot shot’ was used for a soldier who fires without aiming carefully.
8. The expression ‘a hot shot’ is also used to describe how a person is content with something. He or she is willing to share. We describe such person as ‘he is the one who has hot under the collar’.
9. The hotline was a direct communications link between the leaders of the Soviet Union and the United States.
10. The hotline had an important purpose: to prevent accidental war between the two competitors during the period known as the Cold War.
Read the text and fill in the gaps 1-6 with the parts of the sentences A-G. Of of the parts of A-G is extra. Write down your answers in the table given below.
Bhutan [bu: ׳ta:n] – Áóòàí
bureaucrat [׳bju(ә)rәtræt] – áþðîêðàò
to be prone to – ðîçïîâñþäæóâàòèñÿ
What is happiness? In many industrialized countries, it is often equated with money. But the small Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan has been trying a different idea. In 1972, concerned about the problems afflicting other developing countries 1____________, Bhutan’s leader, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck, decided to make his nation’s priority its GNH, or Gross National Happiness. Bhutan, the King said, needed to ensure that prosperity was shared across society and that it was balanced against preserving cultural traditions, protecting the environment and maintaining a responsive government. The King instituted policies 2____________.
Now, Bhutan’s example is serving as a catalyst for broader discussions of national well-being. A growing number of economics, social scientists, corporate leaders and bureaucrats around the world are trying to develop systems 3 __________ but also access to health care, time with family, conservation of natural resources and other non-economic factors. The goal is partly to obtain a broader definition of the world happiness. “We have to think of human well-being in broader terms,” said Bhutan’s Home Minister. “Material well-being is only one component. That doesn’t ensure that you’re at peace with your environment 4 ____________.
In the early stages of a climb out of poverty, for a household or a country, incomes and contentment grow together. But various studies show that beyond certain points, 5 ___________, happiness does not keep up. And some countries, studies found, were happier than they should be. One study found that Latin American countries, for example, registered far more subjective happiness than their economic status would suggest.
But researches have had great difficulty in developing measuring techniques 6 ____________. And some experts question whether national well-being can really be defined. Just the act of trying to quantify happiness could destroy it, said one expert. “The most important things in life are not prone to measurement – like love.
IV. Writing comprehension task.
1. Imagine you are a sailor on a ship. You have landed on the west coast of Africa to take on supplies. You are afraid you will never see your home again. Write a letter about your experiences to a relative or friend (you will put it in a bottle and throw it in the sea, hoping it gets to them).
2. Finish the story: Sally pulled out a gun...
3. Think about your hobbies. Do you think you can turn your hobby into a career? Write about how you can turn your favorite hobby into a career making sure to include training, education, and financing.
4. Imagine that you are writing a letter to a visitor from another planet. Write a paragraph explaining how to make coffee or tea.
5. You regularly write a column in your college magazine on new films that are being shown in your town. Attendance at the local cinema is falling, and they have asked you to write a report, based on research at your school, on the cinema's facilities and to make some recommendations on how to attract more people to the cinema. Write your report.
6. A friend from the desert comes to visit. He wants to know how to make woolen sweaters. He has read about it in books, but has never seen it done before. He needs to take the directions home with him. Write out directions starting with sheep all the way to the finished product.
7. Pretend you are a journalist for your school newspaper. Write an article about all the things that have happened in your school this year.
8. You are given a homework assignment to be presented at your graduation ceremony. Your teacher wants you to write your life story in 100 words or less.
9. You have decided to enter a short story competition. The rules say that the story must end with the following sentence: Suddenly, he woke up and realized it had been a nightmare.
10. 'Androgynous clothing design is a familiar idea nowadays, although it is perhaps the term 'unisex' that is more commonly used by the fashion industry. Traditional dress restrictions for men and women are becoming blurred, largely because gender roles in today's society are defined less strictly than they were.' What do you feel about these sorts of clothes? Do you think that unisex clothing will still be in fashion five years' time? Why or why not?
V. Speaking task.
1. Would you prefer a job working at home alone or working with people? Why or why not? What are advantages and disadvantages of each?
2. Recently, there have been reports of robberies and attacks by stranded motorists. If you saw an old woman standing by a broken down car beside the road, would you stop to help? Why or why not?
3. Do you think it is possible to learn a foreign language perfectly?
4. If you won the lottery, would you go public or would you keep it a secret?
5. Should people believe everything they hear or should they always search for more information?
6. What is the most important job of a language teacher?
7. What are the pros and cons of winning the lottery?
8. What sort of clothes do you prefer to wear? Do you ever wear things you don't really like? If so, why?
9. Discuss your favorite mode of transportation and why.
10. Finish the sentence: If I had enough money,...
11. Discuss the phrase: 'Computer games are anti-social and violent, and their users are mindless nerds.' Do you agree or disagree? Why?
12. Where do you usually spend your holidays? Why?
13. Do you think the education system has gotten better or worse in the past 50 years? Why?
14. Do you approve of tourists being allowed to go to unspoiled areas of the world? Would you go to these places if you had the opportunity?
15. What do you think about behavior therapy for animals? Is it popular in your country? What would you do if your dog tried to bite people?
16. What frightens you? Tell us one thing that frightens you the most and why? Does this fear affect your life a lot or a little? What can be done to remove that fear?
17. Should lottery winners receive so much publicity?
18. Finish the sentence: My life would be a lot easier if,...
19. How do you feel about working conditions today? Do you think that things have got better or worse in the past 50 years? Why?
20. Do you think that modern working conditions are destroying the quality of life? Why or why not?
Çàâäàííÿ ² – 10 áàë³â
Çàâäàííÿ ²² – 30 áàë³â
Çàâäàííÿ ²²² – 20 áàë³â
Çàâäàííÿ IV – 20 áàë³â
Çàâäàííÿ V – 20 áàë³â