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Text 1. My Future Speciality is Automation



Engineering is one of the most ancient occupations in history. Without the skills included in the broad field of engineering our present-day civilization never could have evolved.

An engineer is the main motive power of the technological progress. He concerns himself with the application of science and technology to satisfy human needs. In his work he is guided by the latest achievements of science and technology. A modern engineer cannot do without knowledge in many fields other than those of engineering. He must get a substantial training in subjects of his speciality as well as in such subjects as computers and robotics,computer-aided design, environmental engineering, management science, etc. He must have a scientific attitude, imagination, initiative and good judgment.

Thorough knowledge of foreign languages is also quite necessary for an engineer as a lot of complicated devices are imported from Great Britain, Germany, Japan and other foreign countries. An engineer must know perfectly well not only our home ones. He must know them very well to be able to install the devices correctly at a plant and to repair when necessary.

I am a student of Lutsk National Technical University. I study at the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technologies. My speciality is Automated Control of Technological Processes and Productions. The students of this trend are trained for the industrial design and research, activities at the structures of the state's mechanical engineering complex. They can solve the administrative and economic problems using computer technologies, marketing, management and monitoring.

In modern industry the specialists can solve the problems of mechanization and automation, including resources saving and computer integrated technologies in all branches of national economy.

At present the students of the faculty have sufficient quantity of study-rooms and laboratories fitted out with modern educational and production equipment. A powerful computer centre linked up to the local network gives the opportunity to get acquainted with modern achievements in the field of production control and data-processing. There are also laboratories of industrial electronics and automated production. Availability of the Internet allows to communicate with colleagues all over the world and to obtain the newest information in the field of computer technologies.

The combination of theory and practice is of great importance. While studying at the University all students do practical work in order to get experience.

Students should not forget that only when their theoretical knowledge is profound enough they will succeed in practical work and vice versa. That's why the students of our faculty do their best to become skilled specialists and take an active part the life and progress of this country.



Vocabulary Notes

engineering — інженерна справа, техніка

occupation["Okju'peISqn] — заняття

skills — знання, навички

to evolve[I'vOlv] — розвиватися

motive power – рушійна сила

to concern oneself (with) — займатися, цікавитися

to be guided ['gaIdId] — керуватися

to do without — обходитися без...

other than — крім

robotics[rqV'bPtIks] — робототехніка

good judgement['dZAdZmqnt] — розсудливість

environmental[In"vaIqrqn'mentl]engineering— техніка моделювання експлуатаційних умов

computer-aided design — система автоматизованого проектування management science — наука про управління

scientific attitude['xtItjHd] — науковий підхід

thorough knowledge['TArq 'nOlIG] — глибокі знання

complicated devices ['kOmplIkeItId] — складні прилади

home devices — вітчизняні прилади

Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technologies— факультет комп’ютерних наук та інформаційних технологій

substantial[sqb'stxnSql] training — ґрунтовна підготовка

Automated Control of Technological Processes and Productions — автоматизація технологічних процесів і виробництв

trend — профіль

design and research[rI'sWC]activities — проектно-конструкторська робота

mechanical engineering complex — машинобудівний комплекс

monitoring ['mPnIt(q)rIN] — моніторінг

resources saving technology— ресурсозберігаюча технологія

fitted out — обладнаний

availability[q"veIlq'bIlItI] — наявність

to get experience — набувати досвід

to succeed[sqk'sJd] in— мати успіх в ...

vice versa ['vaIsI'vWsq] — навпаки

to do one's best — робити все можливе

Comprehension

1. Complete the following statements:

1 Without the skills included in the broad field of engineering…

2 An engineer is the main motive power of…

3. He must get a substantial training in…

4 He must know them very well to be able to install…

5 I study at …

6 My speciality is…

7 The students of this trend are trained for…

8. In modern industry the specialists can solve the problems of…

9 At present the students of the faculty have sufficient quantity of…

10 There are also laboratories of…

11 Students should not forget that only when their theoretical knowledge is profound enough…

2. Answer the following questions:

1. What is the main motive power of the technological progress?

2. What is a modern engineer guided by in his work?

3. In what subjects must an engineer get a substantial training?

4. What features must an engineer possess?

5. Why is it necessary for an engineer to know a foreign language?

6. What faculty do you study at?

7. What is your speciality?

8. What are the students of this speciality trained for?

9. What have the students of the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technologies at their disposal?

10. What do the students of the faculty use the Internet for?

11. What must students remember concerning their theoretical knowledge?

3. Do the following tasks:

1) State the most important facts from the text and write them down;

2) Write out the key words from the text

3) Put questions to the text in order to retell it;

4) Retell the text.





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