Application of Personal Computers
Personal computers have a lot of applications, however, there are some major categories of applications: home and hobby, word processing, professional, educational, small business and engineering and scientific.
Home and hobby. Personal computers enjoy great popularity among experimenters and hobbyists. They are an exciting hobby. All hobbyists need not be engineers or programmers. There are many games that use the full capabilities of a computer to provide many hours of exciting leisure-time adventure.
The list of other home and hobby applications of PCs is almost endless, including: checking account management, budgeting, personal finance, planning, investment analyses, telephone answering and dialing, home security, home environment and climate control, appliance control, calendar management, maintenance of address and mailing lists and what not.
Word processing. At home or at work, applications software, called a word processing program, enables you to correct or modify any document in any manner you wish before printing it. Using the CRT monitor as a display screen, you are able to view what you have typed to correct mistakes in spelling or grammar, add or delete sentences, move paragraphs around, and replace words. The letter or document can be stored on a diskette for future use.
Professional. The category of professional includes persons making extensive use of word processing, whose occupations are particularly suited to the desk-top use of PCs. Examples of other occupations are accountants, financial advisors, stock brokers, tax consultants, lawyers, architects, engineers, educators and all levels of managers. Applications programs that are popular with persons in these occupations include accounting, income tax preparation, statistical analysis, graphics, stock market forecasting and computer modeling. The electronic worksheet is, by far, the computer modeling program most widely used by professionals. It can be used for scheduling, planning, and the examination of "what if situations.
Educational. Personal computers are having and will continue to have a profound influence upon the classroom, affecting both the learner and the teacher. Microcomputers are making (heir way into classrooms to an ever-increasing extent, giving impetus to the design of programmed learning materials that can meet the demands of student and teacher.
Two important types of uses for personal computers in education are computer-managed instruction (CMI), and computer-assisted instruction (CAI). CMI software is used to assist the instructor in the management of all classroom-related activities, such as record keeping, work assignments, testing, and grading. Applications of CAI include mathematics, reading, typing, computer literacy, programming languages, and simulations of real-world situations.
1. Find in the texts:
a) words similar in meaning:
Verbs: to print; to produce; to convert; to keep; to found; to erase; to name; to change; to use; to start; to switch on; to supply; to give possibility; to involve.
Nouns: rate; analyst; possibilities; use; plays; control; post; mode; profession; consultant; teacher; director; book-keeper; fight; producer; attack; amateur; device; crystal; error; storage; primary (memory); monitor; characteristic; aim.
Adjectives: flexible; thrilling; main; little; general;
b) words opposite in meaning:
Verbs: to finish; to switch on; to take; to delete. Nouns: online; input; work.
Adjectives: cheep; weak; common; general; large; soft; high; easy.
Text Study: PC Configuration.
Additional Text: The Development of the Personal Computer.
Grammar: Revision of the Module I.
I. Pre-reading Exercises
1. Repeat the words in chorus:
View, primary, keyboard, delicate, punctuation, surface, smooth, rough, twice, quick, succession.
2. While reading the text you will come across a number of international words. Try to guess what Ukrainian words they remind of you:
Monitor, metal, electronics, stereo, pixels, position, microphone, modem, port.
3. Pay attention to some grammatical points:
1) Don't remove the case's cover unless you need to do something inside the unit and always replace the cover when you are done. 2) Using it you type instructions and commands for the computer and information to be processed and stored.3) .The mouse works by sliding it around (ball down) on a flat surface.4) The mouse does not work if you hold it in the air like a remote control. 5) The display adapter for your system is either built onto the system board oris an expansion card plugged into your system board. 6) You should set them for the largest image without losing any part of it. 7) DVD Writer - a device used for bothreading and writing data to and from a DVD.