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Give English equivalents of the following. Інформаційне суспільство, велика кількість роботи, бути залученим, дослідницькі інститути, застосування комп’ютера

Інформаційне суспільство, велика кількість роботи, бути залученим, дослідницькі інститути, застосування комп’ютера, покращити якість, контроль повітряного транспорту, збільшувати продуктивність, приймати різного роду рішення, вклади та вилучення коштів, мудра машина, військова система, цінні медичні діагностичні інструменти, надавати негайну інформацію, контролювати зміни, наводити довідки.

3. Match the words in A with their synonyms in B:


a research wise

sophisticated to control

to verify to better

to improve popular

to widespread to appoint

to assign an investigation

countless cargo

freight innumerable

Fill in the gaps with the words from Vocabulary Notes in the appropriate form.

to be engaged / to improve / medical / widespread / employees / sophisticated / to verify

1) Today a great deal of the work force of most coun­tries … in creating, processing, storing, communicating and just working with information. 2) The use of computers everywhere is … today. 3) Computers are able … the quality of manufactured products. 4) Computers became valuable …diagnostic tools. 5) More and more police departments are now using … devices to help control the increasing crime rate. 6) They help … changes in laws, rules, and regulations. 7) Computers are used to write letters and keep records of clients, suppliers and … .

Translate sentences into English using words and word combinations from the Vocabulary Notes.

1) Комп’ютер сьогодні має дуже багато застосувань у різних сферах життя. 2) Ці мудрі машини стали звичайною річчю у бізнесі, промисловості, сфері зв’язку і т.д. 3) Комп’ютерні роботи мають здатність покращити якість виробництва і збільшити його продуктивність. 4) Робота банків залежить від роботи терміналів, які виконують мільйони операцій щоденно. 5) У медицині комп’ютери стали необхідною річчю. Вони допомагають встановити діагноз. 6) Міліцейські відділки використовують ці машини з метою зменшення злочинності. 7) Залізничні компанії використовують комп’ютер у своїй роботі також. 8) Студенти не уявляють свого життя без Інтернету. Також вони виконують різні завдання, складають програми і т.п.

Grammar in Use


1. Translate the Complex sentences. Remember conjunctions (сполучники): that; so that; if whether; which; when; while; since; till; until; whatever; whenever; in order to; regardless of, etc.

1. It is well known in computer science that the words "computer" and "processor' are used interchangeably. 2. The opera­tion part of the instruction is decoded so that the proper arithmetic and logic operation can be performed. 3. It is difficult to establish whether this problem can be solved at all. 4. Programs and data on which the control unit and the arithmetic-logical unit operate must be in internal memory in order to be processed. 5. The CU has a register that temporarily holds the instructions read from memory while it is being executed. 6. Re­gardless o/the nature of the I/O devices, I/O interfaces are required to convert the input data to the internal codes used by the computer and to convert internal codes to a format which is usable by the output devices. 7. The purpose of registers in the ALU is to hold the numbers and the results of the calculation until they can be transferred to the memory. 8. Since the computer deals with pulses, the input device is a way of converting numbers written on paper into pulses and sending them to the storage. 9. The principal characteristics of personal computers are that they are single-user system and are based on micropro­cessors. 10. However, although personal computers are designed as single-user systems, it is common to link them together to form a network.

2. Translate complex sentences:

Remember following conjunctions: and, but, or, while, both ... and, as well as, not only ...but also, either ...or, neither ... nor.

A) 1. The computer you told me about was constructed at a Russian plant. 2 We hope we'll buy the computer your friend spoke so much about. 3. This is the principle the electronic computer is based upon.

4. The teacher says we may ask any questions we like. 5. Elements integrated circuits are made of are electrically interconnected components. 6. The main tendencies of IС development scientists are working at are to increase the scale of integration and to improve reliability. 7. — Where are the computer games I gave you yesterday? — The computer games you are asking about are on the top shelf. 8. He was one of the greatest scientists the world had ever known.

В) 1. These devices can perform both the input and output functions. 2. Data are recorded on magnetic discs and tapes either by outputting the data from primary storage or by using a data recorder. 3. Neither the programmer лог the analyst could explain the cause of the computer errors. 4. Data as well as instructions must flow into and out of primary storage. 5. This grammar exercise is not only too long but also very difficult. 6. Printers may be either impact or nonimpact. 7. Character printers are used with all microcomputers as well as on computers of all sizes. 8. Both primary and secondary storage contain data and the instructions for processing the data. 9. The CPU functional units can be in one of two states: either “on” or “off”. 10. High-speed devices are both input and output devices that are used as secondary storage.

Additional Text

(for individual work)

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