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Translate sentences into English using words and word combinations from the Vocabulary Notes

1) Якщо комп’ютеру дати правильну команду, то він справиться з будь-яким завданням. 2) Відомо, що команди мусять бути написані в одній з мов високого рівня. 3) Мова залежить від завдання, яке потрібно вирішити. 4) Одні мови використовуються для вирішення наукових чи математичних завдань, а інші – з комерційними цілями. 5) Програмна мова № 1, наприклад, використовується, як для обробки даних, так і для наукових цілей. 6) Поверхнево мови програмування і звичайні мови є подібними, оскільки всі вони мають граматичні правила, які слід знати. 7) Але різниця у тому, що мови програмування не містять у собі жодної інформації, а вся інформація знаходиться у даних. 8) Єдиною метою мови програмування є подати правильні команди комп’ютеру.

Grammar in Use

Revision of the Module V

1. Analyze following non-finite forms of the verb and translate the sentences:

1. Data are processed to become useful information. 2. We use the term data processing to include the resources applied for processing of information. 3. Resources required for accom­plishing the processing of data are called data processing sys­tem. 4. Processing is a series of operations converting inputs into outputs. 5. Facilities are required to house the computer equipment. 6. Egyptians used the information to predict crop yields. 7. Information to be put into the computer for processing should be coded into ones and zeroes. 8. Processing is operations on data to convert them into useful information. 9. The first machines designed to manipulate punched card data were widely used for business data processing. 10. Hollerith built one machine to punch the holes and the other to tabulate the collected data.

Open the brackets, using correct non-finite form of the verb.

1. Computing is a concept (embraced; embracing; for embracing) not only arithmetics, but also computer literacy.

2. We can make the computer do what we want (inputted; to input; by inputting) signals (turning; turned; without turning) switches on and off.

3. Computers have a means (by communicating; of communicating; communicated) with the user.

4. Computers work according to the instructions (giving; given; to give) to it by users.

5. The transistor (inventing; invented; for inventing) in 1948 completely changed the vacuum tubes.

3. Find non-finite forms of the verb in the sentences and name them:

A. a) Gerund; b) Present Participle Active; с) Present Participle Passive; d) Past Participle Passive; e) Perfect Participle Active; f) Perfect Participle Passive.

1. When keyed the data are held in a small memory called buffer. 2. Data keyed into the memory of a computer by typing on a keyboard are readable by humans. 3. Keyboard enables inputting numerical and text data. 4. The mouse provides the cursor control simplifying user's orientation on the display. 5. Having been constructed recently a new electronic device has important applications in space exploration. 6. Being supplied with a special appliance a television set may have a remote control. 7. The control unit operates by reading one instruction at a time. 8. Improved methods of obtaining three-dimensional television pictures have been worked on the basis of holography.

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