Traffic rules and sings
Traffic regulations are international nowadays. But special regulations valid for one country only are also to be taken into consideration.
Traffic Rules in the USSR
1. Traffic in the USSR is on the right-hand side of streets and roads with the traffic way wide enough for several cars moving abreast in one direction. It is forbidden to drive in the left-hand lane if the right-hand lane is free. '
2. The driver is responsible for the condition of his • car, and in particular the reliability of his brakes, the tyres and the lights and indicators on his car. '
3. The driver must conduct the car he is driving in such a manner as not to cause danger to, or obstruct, the movements of another machine, be alert and keep to the route he is driving on.
4. While driving in traffic, the driver must observe and strictly adhere to road signs, signals and traffic lights, and also comply with the orders of traffic inspectors (either in uniform, or with an arm-band on' his left arm and a regulation baton in his hand.:
5. Before making a left or right turn, a complete turn, accelerating, stopping, or making any other manoeuvres which may alter his position in the lane, the driver must give warning by signaling not less than five seconds before he starts the particular manoeuvre.
6. Horn signaling may be used only outside city limits. Only in case of emergency or in a thick fog, may there be an exception to this rule.
7. Careful attention must be paid to warning signals of special service cars (fire engines, ambulances, etc.) which have the right of way.
8. The speed is regulated by the driver according to the condition of the road on which he is driving, visibility and also the intensity of traffic and the number of pedestrians. Upon the slightest of danger, he must lower his speed or stop the car.
The speed limit in cities, towns and villages is 60 kin. a hour. On some roads speed limit is increased up to D km as shown by the corresponding sign.
9. It is forbidden to pass the car in front by driving in the lanes of the oncoming traffic, at road or street crossings and pedestrian crossings, on bridges and also before warning signs.
10. It is forbidden to stop on the left-hand side of the street or road, except in narrow streets where vehicular traffic from both directions passes along a single lane.
11. At non-regulated crossings, the traffic on the main street has the right of way. At street or road junctions of equal importance the car coming from the right has the right of way.
12. At any street junctions of equal importance trams have the right of way irrespective of their direction.
13. Where there are traffic lights, the traffic in any direction may move only when the green lights are on. When making a turn, the driver must allow pedestrians to cross the street when-the green lights are on.
14. If the traffic light contains additional lights, a turn may be made only when the signal of a green arrow it up. While waiting for this signal, the car must wait at the "STOP" line.
15. When making a right or left turn, cars moving in the same direction or in the opposite direction have the right of way, likewise those cars making a right turn from the opposite direction.
2. Insert “to” where it is necessary.
1. We let them … move in the same direction.
2. They made us … make right turn.
3. Cars moving in the opposite direction can … have the right of way.
4. The car must … wait at the "STOP" line.
5. The traffic light can … contain additional lights.
6. You had better … watch the signal of an arrow.
7. They would rather … stay at home.
8. The driver had sooner … allow pedestrians to cross the street when-the green lights are on.
9. The traffic in any direction may … move only when the green lights are on.
10. It is forbidden … stop on the left-hand side of the street.
11. A stranger saw her … cross the street at the pedestrian crossings.
12. I heard him … break.
13. I felt him … put his hand on my shoulder.
14. The driver was made … stop.
15. The instructor was seen … stop on the left-hand side of the street.
16. It is getting dark you had better … lower the speed.
17. Help the old women … cross the street.
18. Drivers and pedestrians must always … pay attention to warning signals of special service cars (fire engines, ambulances, etc.) which have the right of way.
19. Horn signaling may be used only outside city limits.
20. I watched him … make a left turn.